PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




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Pengiriman barang selalu identik dengan berat dan volume, semakin tinggi nilai berat dan volume semakin tinggi pula biaya kirimnya. Kami spesialisasikan pelayanan kami khusus pengiriman barang via darat dan laut. Jika dibandingkan pengiriman barang via udara yang mengutamakan kecepatan (Speed) dan pelayanan (Service oriented) dimana biaya kirim relatif lebih tinggi, dengan Pengiriman barang via darat dan laut yang fokus pada biaya kirim rendah (low cost) sangat cocok dalam mendukung pengiriman barang hasil produk usaha anda dengan biaya murah.

 

JASA PENGIRIMAN BARANG VIA DARAT DAN LAUT

1. Al-Qur’an

Allah SWT berfirman di dalam Al-Qur’an Surat Ali Imran ayat 97, yaitu

Artinya : “Padanya terdapat tanda-tanda yang nyata, (di antaranya) maqam Ibrahim[215]; barangsiapa memasukinya (Baitullah itu) menjadi amanlah dia; mengerjakan haji adalah kewajiban manusia terhadap Allah, yaitu (bagi) orang yang sanggup mengadakan perjalanan ke Baitullah[216]. Barangsiapa mengingkari (kewajiban haji), maka sesungguhnya Allah Maha Kaya (tidak memerlukan sesuatu) dari semesta alam”. (QS. Ali Imran : 97).

2. Hadits

Nabi bersabda di dalam haditsnya yang diriwayatkan oleh imam Ahmad yang artinya sebagai berikut :

“Dari ibnu Abbas, telah berkata Nabi SAW : Hendaklah kamu bersegera mengerjakan haji, maka sesungguhnya seseorang tidak tidak akan menyadari, sesuatu halangan yang akan merintanginya”. (H.R. Ahmad)

Setiap orang hanya diwajibkan mengerjakan ibadah haji satu kali saja dalam seumur hidupnya, tetapi tidak ada larangan untuk mengerjakan lebih dari satu kali.

A.4. Syarat, Rukun, Wajib dan Sunat Haji

1. Syarat-syarat diwajibkannya Haji

    Islam
    Baligh
    Berakal
    Merdeka
    Kuasa (mampu}

2. Rukun Haji

    Ihram yaitu berpakaian ihram, dan niyat ihram dan haji
        Wukuf di arafah pada tanggal 9 Dzulhijjah; yaknihadirnya seseorangyang berihram untuk haji, sesudahtergelincirnya mataahari yaitu pada hari ke-9 Dzulhijjah.
        Thawaf yaitu tawaf untuk haji (tawaf ifadhah)
        Sa’i yaitu lari-lari kecil antara shafa dan marwah 7 (tujuh) kali
            Tahallul; artinya mencukur atau menggunting rambut sedikitnya 3 helai untuk kepentingan ihram
            Tertib yaitu berurutan

3. Wajib Haji

Yaitu sesuatu yang perlu dikerjakan, tapi sahnya haji tidak tergantung atasnya, karena boleh diganti dengan dam (denda) yaitu menyembelih binatang. berikut kewajiban haji yang mesti dikerjakan :

    Ihram dari Miqat, yaitu memakai pakaian Ihram (tidak berjahit), dimulai dari tempat-tempat yang sudah ditentukan, terus menerus sampai selesainya ibadah haji.
    Bermalam di Muzdalifah sesudah wukuf, pada malam tanggal 10 Dzulhijjah.
    Bermalam di Mina selama2 atau 3 malam pada hari tasyriq (tanggal 11, 12 dan 13 Dzulhijjah).
    Melempar jumrah ‘aqabah tujuh kali dengan batu pada tanggal 10 Dzulhijjah dilakukan setelah lewat tengah malam 9 Dzulhijjah dan setelah wukuf.
    Melempar jumrah ketiga-tiganya, yaitu jumrah Ula, Wustha dan ‘Aqabah pada tanggal 11, 12 dan 13 Dzulhijjah dan melemparkannya tujuh kali tiap-tiap jumrah.
    Meninggalkan segala sesuatu yang diharamkan karena ihram.

4. Sunat Haji

    Ifrad, yaitu mendahulukan urusan haji terlebih dahulu baru mengerjakan atas ‘umrah.
    Membaca Talbiyah yaitu :“Labbaika Allahumma Labbaik Laa Syarikalaka Labbaika Innalhamda Wanni’mata Laka Walmulka Laa Syarika Laka”.
    Tawaf Qudum, yatiu tawaaf yuang dilakukan ketika permulaan datang di tanah ihram, dikerjakan sebelum wukuf di ‘Arafah.
    Shalat sunat ihram 2 raka’at sesudah selesai wukuf, utamanya dikerjakan dibelakang makam nabi Ibrahim.
    bermalam di Mina pada tanggal 10 Dzulhijjah
        thawaf wada’, yakni tawaf yang dikerjakan setelah selesai ibadah haji untuk memberi selamat tinggal bagi mereka yang keluar Mekkah.
        berpakaian ihram dan serba putih.
        berhenti di Mesjid Haram pada tanggal 10 Dzulhijjah.

Sumber : http://deluk12.wordpress.com

Baca Artikel lainnya : HUKUM IBADAH HAJI

 

DALIL TENTANG PERINTAH IBADAH HAJI

saco-indonesia.com, Timnas Indonesia U-23 akhirnya mampu untuk mengakhiri perlawanan alot Malaysia U-23 di babak semifinal SEA Games 2013, di Stadion Zeyar Thiri Naypyitaw, Myanmar. Kemenangan Indonesia ini telah ditentukan lewat babak adu penalti.

Setelah hanya mampu bermain imbang 1-1 di waktu normal. Laga semifinal antara Malaysia melawan Indonesia terpaksa harus ditentukan lewat perpanjangan waktu.

Pada babak pertama, Indonesia mampu bermain dominan atas Harimau Muda Malaysia. Meski beberapa kali mampu untuk menciptakan peluang melalui Ramdani Lestaluhu, Fandi Eko Utomo hingga tendangan Yandi Sofyan yang telah membentur mistar gawang Malaysia, Garuda Muda hanya mampu untuk mencetak satu gol melalui Bayu Gatra.

Gol dari Bayu Gatra tersebut telah tercipta pada menit ke-30 setelah bekerja sama satu dua dengan Fandi Eko Utomo. Tanpa cela, pemain Persisam tersebut juga mampu untuk menaklukkan kiper Malaysia, Izham Tarmizi.

Di babak kedua, giliran Malaysia yang ingin mencoba untuk dapat bangkit mengejar ketertinggalan. Setelah beberapa upaya dari Saarvindran Devandrn dan Fadhli Shas belum dapat menemui sasaran, Thamil Arasu akhirnya mampu membawa petaka bagi Indonesia. Gol yang telah tercipta pada menit ke-85 tersebut berawal dari situasi tendangan pojok yang tak bisa diantisipasi dengan baik oleh pertahanan Garuda Muda. Pertandingan pun akhirnya dapat dilanjutkan lewat perpanjangan waktu.

Di babak perpanjangan waktu, baik Indonesia maupun Malaysia mulai tampil lebih agresif. Dari kubu Garuda Muda, beberapa upaya dari Andik Vermansah dan Nelson Alom belum dapat menemui sasaran.

Begitu pula dengan upaya Harimau Muda melalui Thamil Arasu dan Mohn Rozaimi juga masih belum mampu untuk menembus kokohnya pertahanan Garuda Muda. Skor 1-1 pun telah bertahan hingga babak perpanjangan waktu berakhir. Hasil ini telah membuat laga harus ditentukan lewat adu penalti.

Di babak adu keberuntungan, Indonesia mampu keluar sebagai pemenang. Kurnia Meiga Hermansyah telah menjadi pahlawan Indonesia setelah menepis tendangan dua eksekutor Malaysia, Thamil Arasu dan Shahrul Saad. Tiga eksekutor Malaysia yang telah berhasil adalah Nazmi Faiz, Fadhli Shas dan Rozaimi Ab Rahman.

Sedangkan dari kubu Indonesia. Hanya Manahati Lestusen yang gagal untuk menjalankan tugasnya dengan baik. Empat eksekutor lain, Alfin Tuasalamony, Diego Michiels, Yandi Sofyan dan Ferinando Pahabol mampu untuk melaksanakan tugasnya dengan baik.

Dengan hasil tersebut, Indonesia mampu untuk membalas kekalahan di babak final SEA Games dua tahun lalu atas lawan yang sama, sekaligus telah meraih satu tiket ke partai puncak SEA Games 2013. Di partai final, Indonesia juga masih menanti pemenang antara Thailand melawan Singapura.

Susunan pemain

Malaysia U-23: Izham Tarmizi (GK), Azrif Nashrulhaq, Fadhli Shas, Shahrul Saad, Zubir Azmi, D Saarvindran ( Izzaq Faris), Irfan Fazail, Nasir Basharuddin (Nazmi Faiz), Nazirul Naim (Rozaimi bin Abdul Rahman), Hazwan Bakri , Thamil Arasu.

Indonesia U-23: Kurnia Meiga, Alfin Tuasalamony, Syaifuddin, Manahati Lestusen, Diego Michiels, Egi Melgiansyah (Nelson Alom), Rizky Pellu, Bayu Gatra, Fandi Eko Utomo, Ramdani Lestaluhu (Andik Vermansah) (Ferinando Pahabol), Yandi Sofyan.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

INDONESIA RAIH TIKET FINAL
Hello teman-teman yang masih muda, jaga diri kalian dari Narkoba. Karena Narkoba akan mengancam hidupmu. Nah, untuk teman-teman yang masih duduk di bangku pelajar/mahasiswa, kali ini admin akan membagikan artikel gratis untuk membantu menyelesaikan tugas tentang Contoh Karya Ilmiah Lengkap tentang Tentang Bahaya Narkoba Bagi Remaja. Untuk lebih jelasnya, mari kita baca artikelnya berikut ini.
 
 
 
     KATA PENGANTAR
 
           Dengan mengucapkan puja dan puji syukur kehadirat Allah SWT, maka kami bisa menyelesaikan makalah yang berjudul “Bahaya Narkoba ” dan dengan harapan semoga makalah ini bisa bermanfaat dan menjadikan referensi bagi kita sehinga lebih mengenal tentang apa itu narkoba sekaligus bahaya apabila kita mengkonsumsi barang haram itu.
           Makalah ini juga sebagai persyaratan tugas akhir pada Mata Kuliah Ilmu Sosial Dan Budaya Dasar.Akhir kata semoga bisa bermanfaat bagi Para Mahasiswa, Pelajar, Umum Khususnya pada diri saya sendiri dan semua yang membaca makalah ini semoga bisa di pergunakan dengan semestinya.makalah narkoba
 
 
 
                                                                                            Lalan, 22 April 2012
                                                                                                    Penulis
 
 
 
    DAFTAR ISI
    KATA PENGANTAR    ........................................................    i
    DAFTAR ISI               .......................................................    ii
    BAB  I     PENDAHULUAN                                                     1
        A. Latar Belakang                                                               1
        B. Pembatasan  Masalah                                                      1
        C. Rumusan Masalah                                                          1
        D. Tujuan Penulisan                                                            1
        E. Manfaat Penulisan                                                           2
        F. Metode Pengumpulan Data                                               2
    BAB II    PEMBAHASAN                                                        3
        A. Pengertian Narkotika atau Narkoba                                   3
        B. Jenis – jenis Narkotika atau Narkoba                                 4
            1. Opiat atau Opium                                                       4
            2. Morfin                                                                      4
            3. Heroin atau Puta                                                         5
            4. Ganja atau Kanabis                                                     6
            5. LSD                                                                         6
            6. Kokain                                                                      7
        C. Bahaya Bagi Pelajar                                                        7
        D. Bahaya Narkoba Bagi Remaja                                          8
        E. Upaya Pencegahan                                                         9
        F. Cara Pengobatan Narkoba                                               9
    BAB  III    PENUTUP                                                           11
        A. Kesimpulan                                                                 11
        B. Saran                                                                          11
    DAFTAR PUSTAKA                                                             12 
 
 
 
    BAB I
    PENDAHULUAN
 
 
    A. Latar Belakang Masalah
    Dikalangan para siswa, terutama bagi mereka yang secara formal berada dibangku SMP/MTs. Umumnya penggunaan pertama narkoba diawali pada anak usia sekolah dasar atau SMP/MTs. Hal ini terjadi biasanya karena penawaran, bujukan, atau tekanan seseoorang atau sekelompok orang kepadanya, misalnya oleh kawan sebayanya. Didorong rasa ingin tahu, ingin memcoba, atau ingin memakai, seseorsang mau menerima tawaran itu. Selanjutnya, tidak sulit baginya untuk menerima tawaran berikutnya. 
 
 
    B. Pembatasan Masalah
    Melihat dari latar belakang masalah serta memahami pembahasannya maka penulis dapat memberikan batasan-batasan pada :
    1.    Pengertian Narkotika/Narkoba
    2.    Jenis-jenis Narkotika/Narkoba
    3.    Cara Pengobatan Narkoba
 
 
    C. Rumusan Masalah
    Masalah yang dibahas dalam penulisan makalah ini adalah :
    1. Bagaimana Pengertian Narkotika/Narkoba?
    2. Bagaimana Jenis-jenis Narkotika/Narkoba?
    3. Bagaimana Cara Pengobatan Narkoba? 
 
 
    D. Tujuan Penulisan
    Tujuan daripada penulisan makalah ini adalah :
    1.    Mengetahui Pengertian Narkotika/Narkoba
    2.    Mengetahui Jenis-jenis Narkotika/Narkoba
    3.  Mengetahui Cara Pengobatan Narkoba
 
 
    E. Manfaat Penulisan
    Hasil dari penulisan ini diharapkan dapat memberikan manfaat kepada semua pihak, khususnya kepada siswa untuk tidak menggunakan Narkotika/Narkoba. Manfaat lain dari penulisan makalah ini adalah dengan adanya penulisan makalah ini diharapkan dapat dijadikan acuan didalam kehidupan sehari-hari.
 
 
    F. Metode Pengumpulan Data
    Data penulisan makalah ini diperoleh dari buku yang berjudul Menangkal Narkoba dan Kekerasan, Majalah Remaja Selain itu, tim penulis juga memperoleh data dari interne
 
 
    BAB II
    PEMBAHASAN
 
 
    A. Pengeritan Narkotika/Narkoba
    Narkotika/ Narkoba merupakan singkatan dari Narkotika dan Obat/Bahan berbahaya yang telah populer beredar dimasyarakat perkotaan maupun di pedesaan, termasuk bagi aparat hukum. Sebenarnya dahulu kala masyarakat juga mengenal istilah madat sebagai sebutan untuk candu atau opium, suatu golongan narkotika yang berasal dari getah kuncup bunga tanaman Poppy yang banyak tumbuh di sekitar Thailand, Myanmar dan Laos (The Golden Triangle) maupun di Pakistan dan Afganistan.
 

- See more at: http://pbsstainmetro.blogspot.com/2014/02/contoh-karya-ilmiah-lengkap-tentang_27.html#.dpuf

CONTOH KARYA ILMIAH LENGKAP TENTANG BAHAYA NARKOBA BAGI REMAJA

saco-indonesia.com,
Sekarang ini jika kita sedang berada di jalan sering melihat kejadian kecelakaan lalu lintas yang telah membuat miris kita sebagai pengguna jalan. Disinilah pentingnya untuk mematuhi rambu-rambu lalu lintas ketika berada di jalan raya agar semua pengguna jalan merasa aman dan nyaman. Namun hal ini sepertinya telah menjadi hal yang sangat sulit dilakukan di kota-kota besar seperti Jakarta. Kebiasaan terburu-buru dan ingin lebih cepat sampai di tujuan sering telah menjadi penyebab terjadinya pelanggaran lalu lintas.
Pengalaman ini juga saya alami belum lama ini ketika saya hendak pulang ke Pulau Tidung dengan membonceng adik saya ke Pelabuhan Muara Angke. Ketika sampai di lampu merah perempatan Pluit Junction kami telah berhenti karena rambu-rambu lalu lintas berwarna merah. Saat itu saya lihat kendaraan yang dari arah grorol rata-rata berjalan kencang ketika melewati perempatan tersebut. Ketika giliran kami yang jalan saya sempet menengok kebelakang untuk dapat memastikan kendaraan yang dari arah grogol sudah berhenti, namun yang telah terjadi justru banyak motor dan beberapa mobil tetap nekad menerobos lalu lintas. Beberapa detik kemudian sebuah motor sudah roboh ditengah jalan karena tertabrak oleh mobil minibus yang tadinya berada di belakang kami. Memang mobil tersebut juga sempat beberapa kali untuk memberikan peringatan agar mobil dan motor dari arah grogol supaya berhenti, namun karena peringatannya tidak dihiraukan akhirnya dia tancap gas dan akhirnya satu sepeda motor beserta pengendaranya terpental sekitar 2 meter. Sembari tetap berjalan karena memang saya juga harus sampai tepat waktu di Muara Angke, sempat terpikir oleh saya bagaimana jika saya yang mengalami hal seperti itu . Bukan kali ini saja saya juga melihat kecelakaan didepan mata, kebanyakan telah terjadi di kawasan lampu merah yang sibuk.
Sembari menucap syukur karena saya sampai dengan selamat di Muara Angke saya juga berpesan kepada Adik dan mungkin juga kepada sobat semua agar lebih sabar ketika berada di jalan raya, tetap waspada dan mentaati peraturan dan rambu-rambu yang ada sehingga kita bisa minimal untuk menghindari kecelakaan walaupun kalau lagi naas kecelakaan memang tidak bisa dihindari.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

PENTINGNYA MEMATUHI RAMBU LALU LINTAS

UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?

What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.

Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.

 

 

Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.

In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.

“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”

He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.

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Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”

It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.

Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.

He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.

They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.

Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.

As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.

He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.

Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.

“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”

The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”

Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.

R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.

“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”

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Take the Money and Run

Mr. Tepper was not a musical child and had no formal training, but he grew up to write both lyrics and tunes, trading off duties with the other member of the team, Roy C. Bennett.

Sid Tepper Dies at 96; Delivered ‘Red Roses for a Blue Lady’ and Other Songs
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Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

Mr. Napoleon was a self-taught musician whose career began in earnest with the orchestra led by Chico Marx of the Marx Brothers.

Marty Napoleon, 93, Dies; Jazz Pianist Played With Louis Armstrong

WASHINGTON — A decade after emergency trailers meant to shelter Hurricane Katrina victims instead caused burning eyes, sore throats and other more serious ailments, the Environmental Protection Agency is on the verge of regulating the culprit: formaldehyde, a chemical that can be found in commonplace things like clothes and furniture.

But an unusual assortment of players, including furniture makers, the Chinese government, Republicans from states with a large base of furniture manufacturing and even some Democrats who championed early regulatory efforts, have questioned the E.P.A. proposal. The sustained opposition has held sway, as the agency is now preparing to ease key testing requirements before it releases the landmark federal health standard.

The E.P.A.’s five-year effort to adopt this rule offers another example of how industry opposition can delay and hamper attempts by the federal government to issue regulations, even to control substances known to be harmful to human health.

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Document: The Formaldehyde Fight

Formaldehyde is a known carcinogen that can also cause respiratory ailments like asthma, but the potential of long-term exposure to cause cancers like myeloid leukemia is less well understood.

The E.P.A.’s decision would be the first time that the federal government has regulated formaldehyde inside most American homes.

“The stakes are high for public health,” said Tom Neltner, senior adviser for regulatory affairs at the National Center for Healthy Housing, who has closely monitored the debate over the rules. “What we can’t have here is an outcome that fails to confront the health threat we all know exists.”

The proposal would not ban formaldehyde — commonly used as an ingredient in wood glue in furniture and flooring — but it would impose rules that prevent dangerous levels of the chemical’s vapors from those products, and would set testing standards to ensure that products sold in the United States comply with those limits. The debate has sharpened in the face of growing concern about the safety of formaldehyde-treated flooring imported from Asia, especially China.

What is certain is that a lot of money is at stake: American companies sell billions of dollars’ worth of wood products each year that contain formaldehyde, and some argue that the proposed regulation would impose unfair costs and restrictions.

Determined to block the agency’s rule as proposed, these industry players have turned to the White House, members of Congress and top E.P.A. officials, pressing them to roll back the testing requirements in particular, calling them redundant and too expensive.

“There are potentially over a million manufacturing jobs that will be impacted if the proposed rule is finalized without changes,” wrote Bill Perdue, the chief lobbyist at the American Home Furnishings Alliance, a leading critic of the testing requirements in the proposed regulation, in one letter to the E.P.A.

Industry opposition helped create an odd alignment of forces working to thwart the rule. The White House moved to strike out key aspects of the proposal. Subsequent appeals for more changes were voiced by players as varied as Senator Barbara Boxer, Democrat of California, and Senator Roger Wicker, Republican of Mississippi, as well as furniture industry lobbyists.

Hurricane Katrina in 2005 helped ignite the public debate over formaldehyde, after the deadly storm destroyed or damaged hundreds of thousands of homes along the Gulf of Mexico, forcing families into temporary trailers provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

The displaced storm victims quickly began reporting respiratory problems, burning eyes and other issues, and tests then confirmed high levels of formaldehyde fumes leaking into the air inside the trailers, which in many cases had been hastily constructed.

Public health advocates petitioned the E.P.A. to issue limits on formaldehyde in building materials and furniture used in homes, given that limits already existed for exposure in workplaces. But three years after the storm, only California had issued such limits.

Industry groups like the American Chemistry Council have repeatedly challenged the science linking formaldehyde to cancer, a position championed by David Vitter, the Republican senator from Louisiana, who is a major recipient of chemical industry campaign contributions, and whom environmental groups have mockingly nicknamed “Senator Formaldehyde.”

Continue reading the main story

Formaldehyde in Laminate Flooring

In laminate flooring, formaldehyde is used as a bonding agent in the fiberboard (or other composite wood) core layer and may also be used in glues that bind layers together. Concerns were raised in March when certain laminate flooring imported from China was reported to contain levels of formaldehyde far exceeding the limit permitted by California.

Typical

laminate

flooring

CLEAR FINISH LAYER

Often made of melamine resin

PATTERN LAYER

Paper printed to resemble wood,

or a thin wood veneer

GLUE

Layers may be bound using

formaldehyde-based glues

CORE LAYER

Fiberboard or other

composite, formed using

formaldehyde-based adhesives

BASE LAYER

Moisture-resistant vapor barrier

What is formaldehyde?

Formaldehyde is a common chemical used in many industrial and household products as an adhesive, bonding agent or preservative. It is classified as a volatile organic compound. The term volatile means that, at room temperature, formaldehyde will vaporize, or become a gas. Products made with formaldehyde tend to release this gas into the air. If breathed in large quantities, it may cause health problems.

WHERE IT IS COMMONLY FOUND

POTENTIAL HEALTH RISKS

Pressed-wood and composite wood products

Wallpaper and paints

Spray foam insulation used in construction

Commercial wood floor finishes

Crease-resistant fabrics

In cigarette smoke, or in the fumes from combustion of other materials, including wood, oil and gasoline.

Exposure to formaldehyde in sufficient amounts may cause eye, throat or skin irritation, allergic reactions, and respiratory problems like coughing, wheezing or asthma.

Long-term exposure to high levels has been associated with cancer in humans and laboratory animals.

Exposure to formaldehyde may affect some people more severely than others.

By 2010, public health advocates and some industry groups secured bipartisan support in Congress for legislation that ordered the E.P.A. to issue federal rules that largely mirrored California’s restrictions. At the time, concerns were rising over the growing number of lower-priced furniture imports from Asia that might include contaminated products, while also hurting sales of American-made products.

Maneuvering began almost immediately after the E.P.A. prepared draft rules to formally enact the new standards.

White House records show at least five meetings in mid-2012 with industry executives — kitchen cabinet makers, chemical manufacturers, furniture trade associations and their lobbyists, like Brock R. Landry, of the Venable law firm. These parties, along with Senator Vitter’s office, appealed to top administration officials, asking them to intervene to roll back the E.P.A. proposal.

The White House Office of Management and Budget, which reviews major federal regulations before they are adopted, apparently agreed. After the White House review, the E.P.A. “redlined” many of the estimates of the monetary benefits that would be gained by reductions in related health ailments, like asthma and fertility issues, documents reviewed by The New York Times show.

As a result, the estimated benefit of the proposed rule dropped to $48 million a year, from as much as $278 million a year. The much-reduced amount deeply weakened the agency’s justification for the sometimes costly new testing that would be required under the new rules, a federal official involved in the effort said.

“It’s a redlining blood bath,” said Lisa Heinzerling, a Georgetown University Law School professor and a former E.P.A. official, using the Washington phrase to describe when language is stricken from a proposed rule. “Almost the entire discussion of these potential benefits was excised.”

Senator Vitter’s staff was pleased.

“That’s a huge difference,” said Luke Bolar, a spokesman for Mr. Vitter, of the reduced estimated financial benefits, saying the change was “clearly highlighting more mismanagement” at the E.P.A.

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The review’s outcome galvanized opponents in the furniture industry. They then targeted a provision that mandated new testing of laminated wood, a cheaper alternative to hardwood. (The California standard on which the law was based did not require such testing.)

But E.P.A. scientists had concluded that these laminate products — millions of which are sold annually in the United States — posed a particular risk. They said that when thin layers of wood, also known as laminate or veneer, are added to furniture or flooring in the final stages of manufacturing, the resulting product can generate dangerous levels of fumes from often-used formaldehyde-based glues.

Industry executives, outraged by what they considered an unnecessary and financially burdensome level of testing, turned every lever within reach to get the requirement removed. It would be particularly onerous, they argued, for small manufacturers that would have to repeatedly interrupt their work to do expensive new testing. The E.P.A. estimated that the expanded requirements for laminate products would cost the furniture industry tens of millions of dollars annually, while the industry said that the proposed rule over all would cost its 7,000 American manufacturing facilities over $200 million each year.

“A lot of people don’t seem to appreciate what a lot of these requirements do to a small operation,” said Dick Titus, executive vice president of the Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association, whose members are predominantly small businesses. “A 10-person shop, for example, just really isn’t equipped to handle that type of thing.”

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Becky Gillette wants strong regulation of formaldehyde. Credit Beth Hall for The New York Times

Big industry players also weighed in. Executives from companies including La-Z-Boy, Hooker Furniture and Ashley Furniture all flew to Washington for a series of meetings with the offices of lawmakers including House Speaker John Boehner, Republican of Ohio, and about a dozen other lawmakers, asking several of them to sign a letter prepared by the industry to press the E.P.A. to back down, according to an industry report describing the lobbying visit.

Within a matter of weeks, two letters — using nearly identical language — were sent by House and Senate lawmakers to the E.P.A. — with the industry group forwarding copies of the letters to the agency as well, and then posting them on its website.

The industry lobbyists also held their own meeting at E.P.A. headquarters, and they urged Jim Jones, who oversaw the rule-making process as the assistant administrator for the agency’s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention, to visit a North Carolina furniture manufacturing plant. According to the trade group, Mr. Jones told them that the visit had “helped the agency shift its thinking” about the rules and how laminated products should be treated.

The resistance was particularly intense from lawmakers like Mr. Wicker of Mississippi, whose state is home to major manufacturing plants owned by Ashley Furniture Industries, the world’s largest furniture maker, and who is one of the biggest recipients in Congress of donations from the industry’s trade association. Asked if the political support played a role, a spokesman for Mr. Wicker replied: “Thousands of Mississippians depend on the furniture manufacturing industry for their livelihoods. Senator Wicker is committed to defending all Mississippians from government overreach.”

Individual companies like Ikea also intervened, as did the Chinese government, which claimed that the new rule would create a “great barrier” to the import of Chinese products because of higher costs.

Perhaps the most surprising objection came from Senator Boxer, of California, a longtime environmental advocate, whose office questioned why the E.P.A.’s rule went further than her home state’s in seeking testing on laminated products. “We did not advocate an outcome, other than safety,” her office said in a statement about why the senator raised concerns. “We said ‘Take a look to see if you have it right.’ ”

Safety advocates say that tighter restrictions — like the ones Ms. Boxer and Mr. Wicker, along with Representative Doris Matsui, a California Democrat, have questioned — are necessary, particularly for products coming from China, where items as varied as toys and Christmas lights have been found to violate American safety standards.

While Mr. Neltner, the environmental advocate who has been most involved in the review process, has been open to compromise, he has pressed the E.P.A. not to back down entirely, and to maintain a requirement that laminators verify that their products are safe.

An episode of CBS’s “60 Minutes” in March brought attention to the issue when it accused Lumber Liquidators, the discount flooring retailer, of selling laminate products with dangerous levels of formaldehyde. The company has disputed the show’s findings and test methods, maintaining that its products are safe.

“People think that just because Congress passed the legislation five years ago, the problem has been fixed,” said Becky Gillette, who then lived in coastal Mississippi, in the area hit by Hurricane Katrina, and was among the first to notice a pattern of complaints from people living in the trailers. “Real people’s faces and names come up in front of me when I think of the thousands of people who could get sick if this rule is not done right.”

An aide to Ms. Matsui rejected any suggestion that she was bending to industry pressure.

“From the beginning the public health has been our No. 1 concern,” said Kyle J. Victor, an aide to Ms. Matsui.

But further changes to the rule are likely, agency officials concede, as they say they are searching for a way to reduce the cost of complying with any final rule while maintaining public health goals. The question is just how radically the agency will revamp the testing requirement for laminated products — if it keeps it at all.

“It’s not a secret to anybody that is the most challenging issue,” said Mr. Jones, the E.P.A. official overseeing the process, adding that the health consequences from formaldehyde are real. “We have to reduce those exposures so that people can live healthy lives and not have to worry about being in their homes.”

The Uphill Battle to Better Regulate Formaldehyde

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

A 2-minute-42-second demo recording captured in one take turned out to be a one-hit wonder for Mr. Ely, who was 19 when he sang the garage-band classic.

Jack Ely, Who Sang the Kingsmen’s ‘Louie Louie’, Dies at 71
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United’s first-class and business fliers get Rhapsody, its high-minded in-flight magazine, seen here at its office in Brooklyn. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

Last summer at a writers’ workshop in Oregon, the novelists Anthony Doerr, Karen Russell and Elissa Schappell were chatting over cocktails when they realized they had all published work in the same magazine. It wasn’t one of the usual literary outlets, like Tin House, The Paris Review or The New Yorker. It was Rhapsody, an in-flight magazine for United Airlines.

It seemed like a weird coincidence. Then again, considering Rhapsody’s growing roster of A-list fiction writers, maybe not. Since its first issue hit plane cabins a year and a half ago, Rhapsody has published original works by literary stars like Joyce Carol Oates, Rick Moody, Amy Bloom, Emma Straub and Mr. Doerr, who won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction two weeks ago.

As airlines try to distinguish their high-end service with luxuries like private sleeping chambers, showers, butler service and meals from five-star chefs, United Airlines is offering a loftier, more cerebral amenity to its first-class and business-class passengers: elegant prose by prominent novelists. There are no airport maps or disheartening lists of in-flight meal and entertainment options in Rhapsody. Instead, the magazine has published ruminative first-person travel accounts, cultural dispatches and probing essays about flight by more than 30 literary fiction writers.

 

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Sean Manning, executive editor of Rhapsody, which publishes works by the likes of Joyce Carol Oates, Amy Bloom and Anthony Doerr, who won a Pulitzer Prize. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

 

An airline might seem like an odd literary patron. But as publishers and writers look for new ways to reach readers in a shaky retail climate, many have formed corporate alliances with transit companies, including American Airlines, JetBlue and Amtrak, that provide a captive audience.

Mark Krolick, United Airlines’ managing director of marketing and product development, said the quality of the writing in Rhapsody brings a patina of sophistication to its first-class service, along with other opulent touches like mood lighting, soft music and a branded scent.

“The high-end leisure or business-class traveler has higher expectations, even in the entertainment we provide,” he said.

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Some of Rhapsody’s contributing writers say they were lured by the promise of free airfare and luxury accommodations provided by United, as well as exposure to an elite audience of some two million first-class and business-class travelers.

“It’s not your normal Park Slope Community Bookstore types who read Rhapsody,” Mr. Moody, author of the 1994 novel “The Ice Storm,” who wrote an introspective, philosophical piece about traveling to the Aran Islands of Ireland for Rhapsody, said in an email. “I’m not sure I myself am in that Rhapsody demographic, but I would like them to buy my books one day.”

In addition to offering travel perks, the magazine pays well and gives writers freedom, within reason, to choose their subject matter and write with style. Certain genres of flight stories are off limits, naturally: no plane crashes or woeful tales of lost luggage or rude flight attendants, and nothing too risqué.

“We’re not going to have someone write about joining the mile-high club,” said Jordan Heller, the editor in chief of Rhapsody. “Despite those restrictions, we’ve managed to come up with a lot of high-minded literary content.”

Guiding writers toward the right idea occasionally requires some gentle prodding. When Rhapsody’s executive editor asked Ms. Russell to contribute an essay about a memorable flight experience, she first pitched a story about the time she was chaperoning a group of teenagers on a trip to Europe, and their delayed plane sat at the airport in New York for several hours while other passengers got progressively drunker.

“He pointed out that disaster flights are not what people want to read about when they’re in transit, and very diplomatically suggested that maybe people want to read something that casts air travel in a more positive light,” said Ms. Russell, whose novel “Swamplandia!” was a finalist for the 2012 Pulitzer Prize.

She turned in a nostalgia-tinged essay about her first flight on a trip to Disney World when she was 6. “The Magic Kingdom was an anticlimax,” she wrote. “What ride could compare to that first flight?”

Ms. Oates also wrote about her first flight, in a tiny yellow propeller plane piloted by her father. The novelist Joyce Maynard told of the constant disappointment of never seeing her books in airport bookstores and the thrill of finally spotting a fellow plane passenger reading her novel “Labor Day.” Emily St. John Mandel, who was a finalist for the National Book Award in fiction last year, wrote about agonizing over which books to bring on a long flight.

“There’s nobody that’s looked down their noses at us as an in-flight magazine,” said Sean Manning, the magazine’s executive editor. “As big as these people are in the literary world, there’s still this untapped audience for them of luxury travelers.”

United is one of a handful of companies showcasing work by literary writers as a way to elevate their brands and engage customers. Chipotle has printed original work from writers like Toni Morrison, Jeffrey Eugenides and Barbara Kingsolver on its disposable cups and paper bags. The eyeglass company Warby Parker hosts parties for authors and sells books from 14 independent publishers in its stores.

JetBlue offers around 40 e-books from HarperCollins and Penguin Random House on its free wireless network, allowing passengers to read free samples and buy and download books. JetBlue will start offering 11 digital titles from Simon & Schuster soon. Amtrak recently forged an alliance with Penguin Random House to provide free digital samples from 28 popular titles, which passengers can buy and download over Amtrak’s admittedly spotty wireless service.

Amtrak is becoming an incubator for literary talent in its own right. Last year, it started a residency program, offering writers a free long-distance train trip and complimentary food. More than 16,000 writers applied and 24 made the cut.

Like Amtrak, Rhapsody has found that writers are eager to get onboard. On a rainy spring afternoon, Rhapsody’s editorial staff sat around a conference table discussing the June issue, which will feature an essay by the novelist Hannah Pittard and an unpublished short story by the late Elmore Leonard.

“Do you have that photo of Elmore Leonard? Can I see it?” Mr. Heller, the editor in chief, asked Rhapsody’s design director, Christos Hannides. Mr. Hannides slid it across the table and noted that they also had a photograph of cowboy spurs. “It’s very simple; it won’t take away from the literature,” he said.

Rhapsody’s office, an open space with exposed pipes and a vaulted brick ceiling, sits in Dumbo at the epicenter of literary Brooklyn, in the same converted tea warehouse as the literary journal N+1 and the digital publisher Atavist. Two of the magazine’s seven staff members hold graduate degrees in creative writing. Mr. Manning, the executive editor, has published a memoir and edited five literary anthologies.

Mr. Manning said Rhapsody was conceived from the start as a place for literary novelists to write with voice and style, and nobody had been put off that their work would live in plane cabins and airport lounges.

Still, some contributors say they wish the magazine were more widely circulated.

“I would love it if I could read it,” said Ms. Schappell, a Brooklyn-based novelist who wrote a feature story for Rhapsody’s inaugural issue. “But I never fly first class.”

Rhapsody, a Lofty Literary Journal, Perused at 39,000 Feet

Mr. Pfaff was an international affairs columnist and author who found Washington’s intervention in world affairs often misguided.

William Pfaff, Critic of American Foreign Policy, Dies at 86

At the National Institutes of Health, Dr. Suzman’s signature accomplishment was the central role he played in creating a global network of surveys on aging.

Richard Suzman, 72, Dies; Researcher Influenced Global Surveys on Aging

A former member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Smedvig helped found the wide-ranging Empire Brass quintet.

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62

Hired in 1968, a year before their first season, Mr. Fanning spent 25 years with the team, managing them to their only playoff appearance in Canada.

Jim Fanning, 87, Dies; Lifted Baseball in Canada With Expos

“It was really nice to play with other women and not have this underlying tone of being at each other’s throats.”

ay 4, 2015 ‘Game of Thrones’ Q&A: Keisha Castle-Hughes on the Tao of the Sand Snakes
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promo umroh februari di Cipinang jakarta
paket promo umrah desember di Susukan jakarta
paket umrah akhir tahun di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh januari di Kramat Jati jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh januari di Ujung Menteng jakarta
paket umroh februari di Pinang Ranti jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh desember di Ciracas jakarta
harga umrah april di Cibubur jakarta
harga paket umroh februari di Bali Mester jakarta
paket berangkat umroh maret di Duren Sawit jakarta
harga umroh februari di Cakung jakarta
promo umroh desember di Duren Sawit jakarta
biaya umroh januari di Ciracas jakarta
paket promo umroh akhir tahun di Kebon Manggis jakarta
harga paket umroh akhir tahun di Kebon Manggis jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh mei tangerang
paket promo berangkat umroh maret di Pekayon jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh desember di Kampung Baru jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Cakung Barat jakarta
biaya paket umroh maret di Bambu Apus jakarta
biaya umrah april di Ceger jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh desember di Ujung Menteng jakarta
biaya umrah akhir tahun di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
harga umroh desember di Cakung jakarta
promo berangkat umroh januari di Balekambang jakarta
biaya umroh mei di Penggilingan jakarta
harga umrah akhir tahun di Jati jakarta
paket promo umroh mei di Ciracas jakarta
paket umrah februari di Pinang Ranti jakarta
harga berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Kebon Manggis jakarta
biaya paket umroh desember di Makasar jakarta
harga umroh januari di Cakung Barat jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh maret di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
harga berangkat umroh juni di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
paket promo umrah april di Pal Meriam jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah mei di Kayu Putih jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah desember bekasi barat
biaya umroh juni di Duren Sawit jakarta
biaya umroh desember di Kampung Tengah jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh awal tahun di Kebon Manggis jakarta
paket promo umroh maret di Batuampar jakarta
promo berangkat umroh april di Cipinang jakarta
paket promo umrah januari di Makasar jakarta
paket umrah ramadhan di Ciracas jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah desember di Cilangkap jakarta
harga berangkat umroh desember di Halim Perdanakusuma jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh ramadhan di Ceger jakarta
promo umroh juni di Pal Meriam jakarta
promo umroh maret tangerang
harga paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Duren Sawit jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah mei di Pulogebang jakarta
paket promo umroh april di Makasar jakarta
paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Cililitan jakarta