PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




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saco-indonesia.com, Badan Narkotika Nasional Provinsi (BNP) Sumut telah memusnahkan 2.300 gram sabu dan 11.430 butir pil ekstasi, Rabu (18/12). Narkoba itu telah dihancurkan dengan incenerator milik RSU Pirngadi, Medan.

"Narkoba yang kita musnahkan ini juga merupakan bagian dari barang bukti 2 kasus yang kita tangani, ditambah dengan titipan dari Lanal Tanjung Balai," kata AKBP Joko Susilo, Kabid Penindakan BNP Sumut.

Dia juga merinci, dua kasus yang telah ditangani BNP itu yaitu hasil penggerebekan di Perumahan Kelapa Gading Blok B, Jalan Kelambir V, Tanjung Gusta, Sunggal, Deliserdang pada 29 Oktober 2013 lalu . Sebanyak 183,44 gram sabu-sabu telah disita dari dua tersangka, yaitu Zafrizal alias Rijal dan Zulfikar alias Fikar.

Satu penangkapan lain telah terjadi di Perumahan Grand Puri Pasar IV Marelan, Medan. Saat itu, telah disita sekitar 2 kg sabu-sabu dan lebih dari 11.000 butir pil ekstasi dari sejumlah tersangka, di antaranya Ardieyatun alias Dedek dan Elly Salmiati alias Elly.

Selain itu, turut dimusnahkan sekitar 200 gram sabu-sabu yang telah diserahkan aparat Pangkalan Angkatan Laut Tanjung Balai. "Pelakunya melarikan diri meninggalkan kapalnya, sekarang kapalnya ada di Lanal Tanjung Balai," jelas Joko.

Barang yang telah dimusnahkan ini diasumsikan akan laku di pasaran hingga melampaui Rp 4 miliar. Narkoba ini telah diperkirakan dapat meracuni lebih dari 20 ribu orang.

Narkotika ini juga sengaja dihancurkan di RSU Pirngadi karena rumah sakit itu memiliki incenerator. Alat ini dinilai memenuhi syarat untuk pemusnahan narkotika yang merupakan bahan berbahaya.

Selain memusnahkan sebagian barang bukti, BNP Sumut tengah menelusuri tindak pidana pencucian uang yang dilakukan para tersangka. "Sudah ada beberapa asetnya yang kita sita," kelas Joko.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

2,3 KG SABU DAN 11 RIBU EKSTASI DIMUSNAHKAN

 

ilustrasi dok. okezone

Sembilan dari 10 remaja pengunjung tempat wisata Pantai Tulap, Minahasa, Sulawesi Utara, tewas terseret ombak. Sedangkan satu lainnya kritis.
 
Kejadian memilukan ini, bermula ketika rombongan yang berjumlah enam puluhan remaja Gereja Sentrum Liningaan, Tondano, melaksanakan darma wisata di Pantai Tulap. Namun, tak disangka kesepuluh remaja ini yang sedang asyik mandi tidak menyadari kalau air saat itu pasang dan arusnya begitu deras sehingga menyeret mereka hingga tenggelam.
 
Pengunjung pantai yang ada dilokasi kejadian tidak bisa berbuat banyak karena tidak tahu cara berenang di saat air pasang, sebagian dari mereka pun memanggil warga
pesisir untuk menolong kesepuluh remaja ini.
 
Walaupun sudah berusaha sekuat tenaga, kesembilan remaja ini tidak tertolong. Sementara satu lainnya kritis dan langsung dibawa ke Rumah Sakit Gunung Maria, Tomohon.
 
Para korban yang tewas terseret ombak rencanannya akan dimakamkan pada Senin 27 Mei 2013 mendatang.

9 REMAJA TEWAS TERSER OMBAK BESAR

saco-indonesia.com,

Memilih Tenda Untuk Naik Gunung

Mendaki gunung juga merupakan kegiatan yang positif dan sekaligus sangat menyenangkan. Berbaur dengan alam yang tentunya dapat membuat Anda untuk merasakan kebesaran dari sang Pencipta. Aktivitas mendaki gunung, juga merupakan olahraga yang cukup berat dan memerlukan perlengkapan yang sangat memadai. Salah satu alat yang paling penting dalam kegiatan ini adalah tenda. Namun bagaimana cara memilih tenda untuk mendaki gunung yang tepat? Simak tips di bawah ini:


Tenda untuk mendaki gunung tidak sama dengan tenda kemping. tenda kemping biasanya lebih tinggi daripada tenda mendaki gunung. Hal ini karena pertimbangan dan faktor angin, kelembaban dan hujan`.

- Pilihlah bahan tenda yang tahan air (waterproof) dan juga telah memiliki stabilitas terhadap kondisi cuaca buruk yang akan dihadapi.
- Pilihlah tenda yang mudah perakitannya,sehingga dapat memudahkan dalam mendirikannya atau pun membukanya.
- Sesuaikanlah tenda dengan kapasitas penggunanya, sebaiknya tenda juga harus memiliki ventilasi dan askes yang cukup.
- Pada saat membeli, perhatikan jahitan dan sambungan pada tenda.
- Pilihlah tenda yang ringan, agar mudah dibawa dan tidak merepotkan kita pada saat mendaki gunung.

Semoga tips diatas dapat membantu. Selain itu dirikanlah tenda di tempat yang tepat. Usahakan untuk menghindar dari terpaan angin atau badai.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

MEMILIH TENDA UNTUK NAIK GUNUNG

Harga daging sapi di pasaran saat ini berkisar Rp 90.000 per kilogram. Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) telah menginstruksikan Menteri Perdagangan Gita Wirjawan untuk menekan harga daging sapi.

Menko Perekonomian Hatta Rajasa meminta Badan Urusan Logistik (Bulog) untuk segera mengintervensi pasar, sehingga harga daging sapi bisa diturunkan menjadi Rp 75.000 per kg.

"Harga daging ini saya juga kadang-kadang bingung di mana letak persoalannya sehingga pasar terdistorsi. Kita kasih kasih kewenangan Bulog intervensi pasar kalau lama kita ketok kepalanya. Jangan sampai saya perintahkan juga nggak jalan sehingga ada kesan supaya harganya (daging) tinggi," ujar Hatta di kantornya, Jakarta, Jumat (31/5).

Hatta mengatakan dia masih bingung kenapa harga daging sapi malah naik. Sebab, harga daging sapi impor Australia saat ini mengalami penurunan. Dari sebelumnya USD 3 per kg menjadi USD 2,92 per kg.

"Sekarang harga daging di Australia USD 2,92, di sini malah jadi Rp 95.000. Ada apa ini. Ini harus diturunkan," tegas dia.

Dia meminta kuota impor daging sapi ditarik terlebih dahulu sehingga harga daging sapi di pasar menjadi Rp 75.000. Apalagi, masyarakat akan terbebani menjelang puasa dan lebaran jika harga daging sapi masih tinggi.

"Kalau perlu kuota ditarik dulu karena kasihan masyarakat menjelang puasa. Lalu kemudian kita lakukan operasi pasar dengan Kemendag, Kementan, dan Bulog agar stabil dengan memperhitungkan asumsi harga terbaik bagi peternak. Jadi dengan hitungan Kementan daging sebesar Rp 75.000 peternak masih dapat menikmati," jelasnya.

Hatta bingung dengan harga daging sapi yang begitu mahal mahal
Melihat perkembangannya, akhir-akhir ini peran hortikultura umumnya dan sayuran khususnya banyak mendapat perhatian baik pemerintah maupun dari kalangan dunia usaha. Hal ini tidak lain karena, selain komoditas sayuran mempunyai prospek yang lebih baik, juga lebih menguntungkan bila dibandingkan dengan komoditas tanaman pangan seperti padi. Cabe merah sebagai salah satu komoditas sayuran, dari tahun ke tahun produktifitasnya juga terus meningkat. Peningkatan produksi ini menunjukan bahwa selain untuk mengimbangi jumlah permintaan yang terus bertambah akibat pertambahan jumlah penduduk, juga memberikan indikasi bahwa komoditas cabe dirasakanoleh petani menguntungkan daripada komoditas yang lain. Dengan semakin meningkatnya kebutuhan cabe baik untuk rumah tangga maupun industri dan sejalan dengan pertumbuhan penduduk dan pengembangan industri olahan, maka, peluang pengembangan usaha agribisnis cabe sangat terbuka luas. Usaha peningkatan produksi cabe yang sekaligus meningkatkan pendapatan petani, dapat dilakukan sejak budidaya sampai penanganan pasca panen yang baik dan benar. Untuk pembibitan,pengolahan,dll sudah kita bahas pada artikel sebelumnya Budidaya cabe pandaisikek berikut kita masuk pada hama dan penyakit cabe HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TANAMAN CABE Hama yang sering menyerang tanaman cabe adalah : – Ulat tanah atau Agrotis Ipsilon, – Thrips, – Ulat grayak atau Spodoptera litura, – Lalat buah atau Dacus verugenius, – Aphids hijau /kutu daun, – Tungau / mite, – Nematode puru akar. Ulat Tanah dengan nama latin Agrotis ipsilon, biasa menyerang tanaman cabe yang baru pindah tanam, yaitu dengan cara memotong batang utama tanaman hingga roboh bahkan bisa sampai putus. Untuk tindakan pencegahan dapat dilakukan penyemprotan insektisida Turex WP dengan konsentrasi 0,25 – 0,5 g/liter bergantian dengan insektisida Direct 25ec dengan konsentrasi 0,4 cc/liter atau insentisida Raydok 28ec dengan konsentrasi 0,25-0,5 cc/liter sehari sebelum pindah tanam. Ulat grayak pada tanaman cabe biasa menyerang daun, buah dan tanaman yang masih kecil. Untuk tindakan pengendalian dianjurkan menyemprot pada sore atau malam hari dengan insektisida biologi TurexWP bergantian dengan insektisida Raydok 28ec atau insektisida Direct 25ec. Lalat buah gejala awalnya adalah buah berlubang kecil, kulit buah menguning dan kalau dibelah biji cabe berwarna coklat kehitaman dan pada akhirnya buah rontok. Untuk pencegahan dan pengendalian dapat dilakukan dengan membuat perangkap dengan sexferomon atau dengan penyemprotan insektisida Winder 100EC dengan konsentrasi 0,5 sampai 1 cc per liter bergantian dengan insektisida Promectin 18ec dengan konsentrasi 0,25-0,5 cc/liter atau dengan insektisida Cyrotex 75sp dengan konsentrasi 0,3-0,6 g/liter. Hama Tungau atau mite menyerang tanaman cabe hingga daun berwarna kemerahan, menggulung ke atas, menebal akhirnya rontok. Untuk penengendalian dan pencegahan semprot dengan akarisida Samite 135EC dengan konsentrasi 0,25 – 0,5 ml / liter air bergantian dengan insektisida Promectin 18ec dengan konsentrasi 0,25-0,5 cc/liter. Tanaman yang terserang hama thrips, bunga akan mengering dan rontok. Sedangkan apabila menyerang bagian daun pada daun terdapat bercak keperakan dan menggulung. Jika daun terserang aphids, daun akan menggulung kedalam, keriting, menguning dan rontok. Untuk pencegahan dan pengendalian lakukan penyemprotan dengan insektisida Winder 25 WP dengan konsentrasi 100 – 200 gr / 500 liter air / ha atau dengan Winder 100EC 125 – 200 ml / 500 liter air / Ha bergantian dengan insektisida Promectin 18ec dengan konsentrasi 0,25-0,5 cc/liter. Nematoda merupakan organisme pengganggu tanaman yang menyerang daerah perakaran tanaman cabe. Jika tanaman terserang maka transportasi bahan makanan terhambat dan pertumbuhan tanaman terganggu. Selain itu kerusakan akibat nematode dapat memudahkan bakteri masuk dan mengakibatkan layu bakteri. Pencegahan yang efektif adalah dengan menanam varietas cabe yang tahan terhadap nematode dan melakukan penggiliran tanaman. Dan apabila lahan yang ditanami merupakan daerah endemi, pemberian nematisida dapat diberikan bersamaan dengan pemupukan. Penyakit yang sering menyerang tanaman cabe diantaranya adalah · Rebah semai · Layu Fusarium · Layu bakteri · Antraknose / patek · Busuk Phytophthora · Bercak daun Cercospora · Penyakit Virus Penyakit anthracnose buah. Gejala awalnya adalah kulit buah akan tampak mengkilap, selanjutnya akan timbul bercak hitam yang kemudian meluas dan akhirnya membusuk. Untuk pengendaliannya semprot dengan fungisida Kocide 54 WDG dengan konsentrasi 1 sampai 2 g / l air bergantian dengan fungisida Victory 80wp dengan konsentrasi 1 – 2 g / liter air. Penyakit busuk Phytopthora gejalanya adalah bagian tanaman yang terserang terdapat bercak coklat kehitaman dan lama kelamaan membusuk. Penyakit ini dapat menyerang tanaman cabe pada bagian daun, batang maupun buah. Pengendaliannya adalah dengan menyemprot fungisida Kocide 77 wp dengan dosis 1,5 – 3 kg / Ha bergantian dengan fungisida Victory 80WP konsentarsi 2 sampai 4 gram / liter dicampur dengan fungisida sistemik Starmyl 25 wp dengan dosis 0,8 – 1 g / liter. Rebah semai ( dumping off ) . Penyakit ini biasanya menyerang tanaman saat dipersemaian. Jamur penyebabnya adalah Phytium sp. Untuk tindakan pencegahan dapat dilakukan perlakuan benih dengan Saromyl 35SD dan menyemprot fungisida sistemik Starmyl 25WP saat dipersemaian dan saat pindah tanam dengan konsentrasi 0,5 sampai 1 gram / liter. Penyakit layu fusarium dan layu bakteri pada tanaman cabe biasanya mulai menyerang tanaman saat fase generatif. Untuk mencegahnya dianjurkan penyiraman Kocide 77WP pada lubang tanam dengan konsentrasi 5 gram / liter / lima tanaman, mulai saat tanaman menjelang berbunga dengan interval 10 sampai 14 hari. Penyakit bercak daun cabe disebabkan oleh cendawan Cercospora capsici. Gejalanya berupa bercak bercincin, berwarna putih pada tengahnya dan coklat kehitaman pada tepinya. Pencegahannya dapat dilakukan dengan menyemprot fungisida Kocide 54WDG konsentrasi 1,5 sampai 3 gram / liter bergantian dengan fungisida Victory 80WP konsentrasi 2 sampai 4 gram / liter dengan interval 7 hari. Penyakit mozaik virus. Saat ini belum ada pestisida yang mampu mengendalikan penyakit mozaik virus ini. Dan sebagai tindakan pencegahan dapat dilakukan pengendalian terhadap hewan pembawa virus tersebut yaitu aphids. Untuk pencegahan serangan hama penyakit, gunakan benih cabe hibrida yang tahan terhadap serangan hama penyakit dan yang telah diberi perlakuan pestisida. Apabila terjadi serangan atau untuk tujuan pencegahan lakukan aplikasi pestisida sesuai OPT yang menyerang atau sesuai petunjuk petugas penyuluh lapang. PANEN Pada saat tanaman berumur 75 – 85 hst yang ditandai dengan buahnya yang padat dan warna merah menyala, buah cabe siap dilakukan pemanenan pertama. Umur panen cabe tergantung varietas yang digunakan, lokasi penanaman dan kombinasi pemupukan yang digunakan serta kesehatan tanaman. Tanaman cabe dapat dipanen setiap 2 – 5 hari sekali tergantung dari luas penanaman dan kondisi pasar. Pemanenan dilakukan dengan cara memetik buah beserta tangkainya yang bertujuan agar cabe dapat disimpan lebih lama. Buah cabe yang rusak akibat hama atau penyakit harus tetap di panen agar tidak menjadi sumber penyakit bagi tanaman cabe sehat. Pisahkan buah cabe yang rusak dari buah cabe yang sehat. Waktu panen sebaiknya dilakukan pada pagi hari karena bobot buah dalam keadaan optimal akibat penimbunan zat pada malam hari dan belum terjadi penguapan. PASCA PANEN CABE Hasil panen yang telah dipisahkan antara cabe yang sehat dan yang rusak, selanjutnya dikumpulkan di tempat yang sejuk atau teduh sehingga cabe tetap segar . Untuk mendapatkan harga yang lebih baik, hasil panen dikelompokkan berdasarkan standar kualitas permintaan pasar seperti untuk supermarket, pasar lokal maupun pasar eksport. Setelah buah cabe dikelompokkan berdasarkan kelasnya, maka pengemasan perlu dilakukan untuk melindungi buah cabe dari kerusakan selama dalam pengangkutan. Kemasan dapat dibuat dari berbagai bahan dengan memberikan ventilasi. Cabe siap didistribusikan ke konsumen yang membutuhkan cabe segar. Dengan penerapan teknologi budidaya, penangganan pasca panen yang benar dan tepat serta penggunaan benih hibrida yang tahan hama penyakit dapat meningkatkan produksi cabe yang saat ini banyak dibutuhkan. Untuk melihat analisis keuntungan atau kerugian dari budidaya cabe klik ling berikut ANALISIS TANAMAN CABE

UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?

What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.

Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.

 

 

Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.

In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.

“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”

He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.

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Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”

It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.

Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.

He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.

They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.

Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.

As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.

He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.

Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.

“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”

The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”

Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.

R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.

“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War
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United’s first-class and business fliers get Rhapsody, its high-minded in-flight magazine, seen here at its office in Brooklyn. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

Last summer at a writers’ workshop in Oregon, the novelists Anthony Doerr, Karen Russell and Elissa Schappell were chatting over cocktails when they realized they had all published work in the same magazine. It wasn’t one of the usual literary outlets, like Tin House, The Paris Review or The New Yorker. It was Rhapsody, an in-flight magazine for United Airlines.

It seemed like a weird coincidence. Then again, considering Rhapsody’s growing roster of A-list fiction writers, maybe not. Since its first issue hit plane cabins a year and a half ago, Rhapsody has published original works by literary stars like Joyce Carol Oates, Rick Moody, Amy Bloom, Emma Straub and Mr. Doerr, who won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction two weeks ago.

As airlines try to distinguish their high-end service with luxuries like private sleeping chambers, showers, butler service and meals from five-star chefs, United Airlines is offering a loftier, more cerebral amenity to its first-class and business-class passengers: elegant prose by prominent novelists. There are no airport maps or disheartening lists of in-flight meal and entertainment options in Rhapsody. Instead, the magazine has published ruminative first-person travel accounts, cultural dispatches and probing essays about flight by more than 30 literary fiction writers.

 

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Sean Manning, executive editor of Rhapsody, which publishes works by the likes of Joyce Carol Oates, Amy Bloom and Anthony Doerr, who won a Pulitzer Prize. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

 

An airline might seem like an odd literary patron. But as publishers and writers look for new ways to reach readers in a shaky retail climate, many have formed corporate alliances with transit companies, including American Airlines, JetBlue and Amtrak, that provide a captive audience.

Mark Krolick, United Airlines’ managing director of marketing and product development, said the quality of the writing in Rhapsody brings a patina of sophistication to its first-class service, along with other opulent touches like mood lighting, soft music and a branded scent.

“The high-end leisure or business-class traveler has higher expectations, even in the entertainment we provide,” he said.

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Some of Rhapsody’s contributing writers say they were lured by the promise of free airfare and luxury accommodations provided by United, as well as exposure to an elite audience of some two million first-class and business-class travelers.

“It’s not your normal Park Slope Community Bookstore types who read Rhapsody,” Mr. Moody, author of the 1994 novel “The Ice Storm,” who wrote an introspective, philosophical piece about traveling to the Aran Islands of Ireland for Rhapsody, said in an email. “I’m not sure I myself am in that Rhapsody demographic, but I would like them to buy my books one day.”

In addition to offering travel perks, the magazine pays well and gives writers freedom, within reason, to choose their subject matter and write with style. Certain genres of flight stories are off limits, naturally: no plane crashes or woeful tales of lost luggage or rude flight attendants, and nothing too risqué.

“We’re not going to have someone write about joining the mile-high club,” said Jordan Heller, the editor in chief of Rhapsody. “Despite those restrictions, we’ve managed to come up with a lot of high-minded literary content.”

Guiding writers toward the right idea occasionally requires some gentle prodding. When Rhapsody’s executive editor asked Ms. Russell to contribute an essay about a memorable flight experience, she first pitched a story about the time she was chaperoning a group of teenagers on a trip to Europe, and their delayed plane sat at the airport in New York for several hours while other passengers got progressively drunker.

“He pointed out that disaster flights are not what people want to read about when they’re in transit, and very diplomatically suggested that maybe people want to read something that casts air travel in a more positive light,” said Ms. Russell, whose novel “Swamplandia!” was a finalist for the 2012 Pulitzer Prize.

She turned in a nostalgia-tinged essay about her first flight on a trip to Disney World when she was 6. “The Magic Kingdom was an anticlimax,” she wrote. “What ride could compare to that first flight?”

Ms. Oates also wrote about her first flight, in a tiny yellow propeller plane piloted by her father. The novelist Joyce Maynard told of the constant disappointment of never seeing her books in airport bookstores and the thrill of finally spotting a fellow plane passenger reading her novel “Labor Day.” Emily St. John Mandel, who was a finalist for the National Book Award in fiction last year, wrote about agonizing over which books to bring on a long flight.

“There’s nobody that’s looked down their noses at us as an in-flight magazine,” said Sean Manning, the magazine’s executive editor. “As big as these people are in the literary world, there’s still this untapped audience for them of luxury travelers.”

United is one of a handful of companies showcasing work by literary writers as a way to elevate their brands and engage customers. Chipotle has printed original work from writers like Toni Morrison, Jeffrey Eugenides and Barbara Kingsolver on its disposable cups and paper bags. The eyeglass company Warby Parker hosts parties for authors and sells books from 14 independent publishers in its stores.

JetBlue offers around 40 e-books from HarperCollins and Penguin Random House on its free wireless network, allowing passengers to read free samples and buy and download books. JetBlue will start offering 11 digital titles from Simon & Schuster soon. Amtrak recently forged an alliance with Penguin Random House to provide free digital samples from 28 popular titles, which passengers can buy and download over Amtrak’s admittedly spotty wireless service.

Amtrak is becoming an incubator for literary talent in its own right. Last year, it started a residency program, offering writers a free long-distance train trip and complimentary food. More than 16,000 writers applied and 24 made the cut.

Like Amtrak, Rhapsody has found that writers are eager to get onboard. On a rainy spring afternoon, Rhapsody’s editorial staff sat around a conference table discussing the June issue, which will feature an essay by the novelist Hannah Pittard and an unpublished short story by the late Elmore Leonard.

“Do you have that photo of Elmore Leonard? Can I see it?” Mr. Heller, the editor in chief, asked Rhapsody’s design director, Christos Hannides. Mr. Hannides slid it across the table and noted that they also had a photograph of cowboy spurs. “It’s very simple; it won’t take away from the literature,” he said.

Rhapsody’s office, an open space with exposed pipes and a vaulted brick ceiling, sits in Dumbo at the epicenter of literary Brooklyn, in the same converted tea warehouse as the literary journal N+1 and the digital publisher Atavist. Two of the magazine’s seven staff members hold graduate degrees in creative writing. Mr. Manning, the executive editor, has published a memoir and edited five literary anthologies.

Mr. Manning said Rhapsody was conceived from the start as a place for literary novelists to write with voice and style, and nobody had been put off that their work would live in plane cabins and airport lounges.

Still, some contributors say they wish the magazine were more widely circulated.

“I would love it if I could read it,” said Ms. Schappell, a Brooklyn-based novelist who wrote a feature story for Rhapsody’s inaugural issue. “But I never fly first class.”

Rhapsody, a Lofty Literary Journal, Perused at 39,000 Feet

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs

A former member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Smedvig helped found the wide-ranging Empire Brass quintet.

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62

A 214-pound Queens housewife struggled with a lifelong addiction to food until she shed 72 pounds and became the public face of the worldwide weight-control empire Weight Watchers.

Jean Nidetch, 91, Dies; Pounds Came Off, and Weight Watchers Was Born

Public perceptions of race relations in America have grown substantially more negative in the aftermath of the death of a young black man who was injured while in police custody in Baltimore and the subsequent unrest, far eclipsing the sentiment recorded in the wake of turmoil in Ferguson, Mo., last summer.

Americans are also increasingly likely to say that the police are more apt to use deadly force against a black person, the latest New York Times/CBS News poll finds.

The poll findings highlight the challenges for local leaders and police officials in trying to maintain order while sustaining faith in the criminal justice system in a racially polarized nation.

Sixty-one percent of Americans now say race relations in this country are generally bad. That figure is up sharply from 44 percent after the fatal police shooting of Michael Brown and the unrest that followed in Ferguson in August, and 43 percent in December. In a CBS News poll just two months ago, 38 percent said race relations were generally bad. Current views are by far the worst of Barack Obama’s presidency.

The negative sentiment is echoed by broad majorities of blacks and whites alike, a stark change from earlier this year, when 58 percent of blacks thought race relations were bad, but just 35 percent of whites agreed. In August, 48 percent of blacks and 41 percent of whites said they felt that way.

Looking ahead, 44 percent of Americans think race relations are worsening, up from 36 percent in December. Forty-one percent of blacks and 46 percent of whites think so. Pessimism among whites has increased 10 points since December.

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Do you think race relations in the United States are generally good or generally bad?
60
40
20
0
White
Black
May '14
May '15
Generally bad
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Do you think race relations in the United States are getting better, getting worse or staying about the same?
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The poll finds that profound racial divisions in views of how the police use deadly force remain. Blacks are more than twice as likely to say police in most communities are more apt to use deadly force against a black person — 79 percent of blacks say so compared with 37 percent of whites. A slim majority of whites say race is not a factor in a police officer’s decision to use deadly force.

Overall, 44 percent of Americans say deadly force is more likely to be used against a black person, up from 37 percent in August and 40 percent in December.

Blacks also remain far more likely than whites to say they feel mostly anxious about the police in their community. Forty-two percent say so, while 51 percent feel mostly safe. Among whites, 8 in 10 feel mostly safe.

One proposal to address the matter — having on-duty police officers wear body cameras — receives overwhelming support. More than 9 in 10 whites and blacks alike favor it.

Continue reading the main story
How would you describe your feelings about the police in your community? Would you say they make you feel mostly safe or mostly anxious?
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Blacks
75%
21
3
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In general, do you think the police in most communities are more likely to use deadly force against a black person, or more likely to use it against a white person, or don’t you think race affects police use of deadly force?
Police more likely to use deadly force against a black person
Police more likely to use deadly force against a white person
Race DOES NOT affect police use of deadly force
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Do you favor or oppose on-duty police officers wearing video cameras that would record events and actions as they occur?
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Asked specifically about the situation in Baltimore, most Americans expressed at least some confidence that the investigation by local authorities would be conducted fairly. But while nearly two-thirds of whites think so, fewer than half of blacks agree. Still, more blacks are confident now than were in August regarding the investigation in Ferguson. On Friday, six members of the police force involved in the arrest of Mr. Gray were charged with serious offenses, including manslaughter. The poll was conducted Thursday through Sunday; results from before charges were announced are similar to those from after.

Reaction to the recent turmoil in Baltimore, however, is similar among blacks and whites. Most Americans, 61 percent, say the unrest after Mr. Gray’s death was not justified. That includes 64 percent of whites and 57 percent of blacks.

Continue reading the main story
As you may know, a Baltimore man, Freddie Gray, recently died after being in the custody of the Baltimore police. How much confidence do you have that the investigation by local authorities into this matter will be conducted fairly?
A lot
Some
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All adults
Whites
Blacks
29%
31
22
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In general, do you think the unrest in Baltimore after the death of Freddie Gray was justified, or do you think the unrest was not justified?
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28%
61
11
26
64
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37
57
6

Negative View of U.S. Race Relations Grows, Poll Finds

Ms. Rendell was a prolific writer of intricately plotted mystery novels that combined psychological insight, social conscience and teeth-chattering terror.

Ruth Rendell, Novelist Who Thrilled and Educated, Dies at 85

The live music at the Vice Media party on Friday shook the room. Shane Smith, Vice’s chief executive, was standing near the stage — with a drink in his hand, pants sagging, tattoos showing — watching the rapper-cum-chef Action Bronson make pizzas.

The event was an after-party, a happy-hour bacchanal for the hundreds of guests who had come for Vice’s annual presentation to advertisers and agencies that afternoon, part of the annual frenzy for ad dollars called the Digital Content NewFronts. Mr. Smith had spoken there for all of five minutes before running a slam-bang highlight reel of the company’s shows that had titles like “Weediquette” and “Gaycation.”

In the last year, Vice has secured $500 million in financing and signed deals worth hundreds of millions of dollars with established media companies like HBO that are eager to engage the young viewers Vice attracts. Vice said it was now worth at least $4 billion, with nearly $1 billion in projected revenue for 2015. It is a long way from Vice’s humble start as a free magazine in 1994.

Photo
 
At the Vice after-party, the rapper Action Bronson, a host of a Vice show, made a pizza. Credit Jesse Dittmar for The New York Times

But even as cash flows freely in Vice’s direction, the company is trying to keep its brash, insurgent image. At the party on Friday, it plied guests with beers and cocktails. Its apparently unrehearsed presentation to advertisers was peppered with expletives. At one point, the director Spike Jonze, a longtime Vice collaborator, asked on stage if Mr. Smith had been drinking.

“My assistant tried to cut me off,” Mr. Smith replied. “I’m on buzz control.”

Now, Vice is on the verge of getting its own cable channel, which would give the company a traditional outlet for its slate of non-news programming. If all goes as planned, A&E Networks, the television group owned by Hearst and Disney, will turn over its History Channel spinoff, H2, to Vice.

The deal’s announcement was expected last week, but not all of A&E’s distribution partners — the cable and satellite TV companies that carry the network’s channels — have signed off on the change, according to a person familiar with the negotiations who spoke on the condition of anonymity because the talks were private.

A cable channel would be a further step in a transformation for Vice, from bad-boy digital upstart to mainstream media company.

Keen for the core audience of young men who come to Vice, media giants like 21st Century Fox, Time Warner and Disney all showed interest in the company last year. Vice ultimately secured $500 million in financing from A&E Networks and Technology Crossover Ventures, a Silicon Valley venture capital firm that has invested in Facebook and Netflix.

Those investments valued Vice at more than $2.5 billion. (In 2013, Fox bought a 5 percent stake for $70 million.)

Then in March, HBO announced that it had signed a multiyear deal to broadcast a daily half-hour Vice newscast. Vice already produces a weekly newsmagazine show, called “Vice,” for the network. That show will extend its run through 2018, with an increase to 35 episodes a year, from 14.

Michael Lombardo, HBO’s president for programming, said when the deal was announced that it was “certainly one of our biggest investments with hours on the air.”

Vice, based in Brooklyn, also recently signed a multiyear $100 million deal with Rogers Communications, a Canadian media conglomerate, to produce original content for TV, smartphone and desktop viewers.

Vice’s finances are private, but according to an internal document reviewed by The New York Times and verified by a person familiar with the company’s financials, the company is on track to make about $915 million in revenue this year.

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Vice showed a highlight reel of its TV series at the NewFronts last week in New York. Credit Jesse Dittmar for The New York Times

It brought in $545 million in a strong first quarter, which included portions of the new HBO deal and the Rogers deal, according to the document. More of its revenue now comes from these types of content partnerships, compared with the branded content deals that made up much of its revenue a year ago, the company said.

Mr. Smith said the company was worth at least $4 billion. If the valuation gets much higher, he said he would consider taking the company public.

“I don’t care about money; we have plenty of money,” Mr. Smith, who is Vice’s biggest shareholder, said in an interview after the presentation on Friday. “I care about strategic deals.”

In the United States, Vice Media had 35.2 million unique visitors across its sites in March, according to comScore.

The third season of Vice’s weekly HBO show has averaged 1.8 million viewers per episode, including reruns, through April 12, according to Brad Adgate, the director of research at Horizon Media. (Vice said the show attracted three million weekly viewers when repeat broadcasts, online and on-demand viewings were included.)

For years, Mr. Smith has criticized traditional TV, calling it slow and unable to draw younger viewers. But if all the deals Vice has struck are to work out, Mr. Smith may have to play more by the rules of traditional media. James Murdoch, Rupert Murdoch’s son and a member of Vice’s board, was at the company’s presentation on Friday, as were other top media executives.

“They know they need people like me to help them, but they can’t get out of their own way,” Mr. Smith said in the interview Friday. “My only real frustration is we’re used to being incredibly dynamic, and they’re not incredibly dynamic.”

With its own television channel in the United States, Vice would have something it has long coveted even as traditional media companies are looking beyond TV. Last year, Vice’s deal with Time Warner failed in part because the two companies could not agree on how much control Vice would have over a 24-hour television network.

Vice said it intended to fill its new channel with non-news programming. The company plans to have sports shows, fashion shows, food shows and the “Gaycation” travel show with the actress Ellen Page. It is also in talks with Kanye West about a show.

It remains to be seen whether Vice’s audience will watch a traditional cable channel. Still, Vice has effectively presold all of the ad spots to two of the biggest advertising agencies for the first three years, Mr. Smith said.

In the meantime, Mr. Smith is enjoying Vice’s newfound role as a potential savior of traditional media companies.

“I’m a C.E.O. of a content company,” Mr. Smith said before he caught a flight to Las Vegas for the boxing match on Saturday between Floyd Mayweather Jr. and Manny Pacquiao. “If it stops being fun, then why are you doing it?”

As Vice Moves More to TV, It Tries to Keep Brash Voice

Mr. Alger, who served five terms from Texas, led Republican women in a confrontation with Lyndon B. Johnson that may have cost Richard M. Nixon the 1960 presidential election.

Bruce Alger, 96, Dies; Led ‘Mink Coat’ Protest Against Lyndon Johnson

Mr. Tepper was not a musical child and had no formal training, but he grew up to write both lyrics and tunes, trading off duties with the other member of the team, Roy C. Bennett.

Sid Tepper Dies at 96; Delivered ‘Red Roses for a Blue Lady’ and Other Songs

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

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The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

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Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

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Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

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But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

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