PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




Artikel lainnya »

Jual Obat Tidur / Jual Obat Bius Cair Jual Obat Bius Hirup Jual Obat Bius Serbuk Jual Obat Tidur Aman Obat Bius Manjur Harga Obat Bius Murah Cs :085200654999


Pemesanan dan Konsultasi

Pin BB: 21C7DA51


TELPON / SMS:

085 200 654 999 (T-SEL)


087 836 866 999 (IND XL)

085 740 740 810 (INDOSAT)


Www.jualobatbiusherbal.blogspot.com


Online 24Hours
Kami Buka & Melayani Konsomen 24jam.
Termasuk Hari Sabtu & Minggu

Obat Bius/Obat Tidur Merk Liquid Sex


LiQuid Sex adalah Obat Bius Yang Berbentuk Cair, Cair Buatan German Ini Bisa bikin Wanita Langsung Pingsan Dalam Beberapa Menit Saja ( 2-3 Menit ).

Dan itu Walau Anda apa - apain pun Target Anda gak bakalan bangun Selama 4 - 5 jam, kadang lebih, selain itu bisa juga untuk membius orang yang mau diperkosa ( gue cuma ngomongin, bukan nyuruh Lo ! Hhehe ... ).

Obat Bius Ini Berbentuk Cair tidak berbau,
tidak berasa, tidak berwarna Dan tidak beracun, ( So It Safely ).

1 botol bisa di pakai untuk berkali kali, cukup ditaruh di air minum apa saja kecuali susu dan air kelapa muda , lebih baik dalam air mineral, teh, jus, sirup atau di minuman yang bersoda.
dan dalam waktu 2 - 3 menit setelah di minum maka langsung bereaksi pada target anda seperti tepar dan terkapar .

AWAS ! ! ! .Tolong Jangan gunakan Obat Bius Cair ini pada orang yang baru dikenal atau penyalah gunaan obat ini.
Baik di gunakan untuk Teman Dekat atau Pacar Sendiri …..

LiQuid Sex Obat Bius Cair .
NEGARA ASAL : German
Netto : 15ml
HARGA : Rp 250.000, -


"Dan Juga Tersedia Produc-Produc Terbaik"

Jual Obat Tidur / Jual Obat Bius Cair Jual Obat Bius Hirup Jual Obat Bius Serbuk Jual Obat Tidur Aman Obat Bius Manjur Harga Obat Bius Murah Cs :085200654999   

CHLOROFORM FOR SALE
DIJUAL OBAT BIUS KLOROFORM! HARGA TERBARU CEK ! Permisi agan-agan, saya menjual OBAT BIUS chloroform (trichloromethane / CHCl3) buatan Merck Jerman. Botolnya 2,5 Liter, ane biasanya pake buat pelarut organik di lab. Punya saya kemurniannya diatas 99%! Dan ini merupakan kloroform termurni yang dibikin buat pasar, jadi jangan tanya "gan apa ada campurannya?" dll, ini sudah laboratory grade / standar laboratorium dan dibikin buat standar penelitian. Jadi bukan kloroform abal-abal murahan yang dicampuri,

dll. Lihat aja gambarnya ya!

 Chloroform ini bisa digunakan untuk ekstraksi (misalkan alkaloid, dan zat-zat organik lainnya) mungkin yang jurusan biologi / kimia / farmasi, selain itu bisa juga membius orang yang mau diperkosa (gue cuma ngomongin, bukan nyuruh lo! hehe), trus juga bisa buat keperluan rekreasi (nidurin diri di malam hari). Ingat, ini bukan permainan. Sekali dua kali boleh aja pake, jangan keterusan.

Chloroform bukan dimakan, tapi dihirup uapnya. Ane prihatin di kaskus ada seller yang mengatakan chloroform dapat dimakan. 10 ml sudah cukup untuk menimbulkan cardiac arrest / henti jantung pada manusia 70 kg.

Thanks

UNTUK 50, 100 ML HARGA SUDAH NETT, 500 ML, 1000 ML, 2500 ML BISA NEGO dan BELUM ONGKIR, pertanyaan mengenai "berapa harga nett gan?" tidak akan dibalas. Mohon maaf.

50 ml = Rp 750.000,-
100 ml = Rp 1300.000,-
500 ml = Rp 3.250.000,-
1000 ml = Rp 6.000.000,-
Botol 2,5 Liter SEGEL Pure Analysis Merck Germany = Rp 12.000.000,- (murah abis reseller!)

"Dan Juga Tersedia Produc-Produc Terbaik"  Jual Obat Tidur / Jual Obat Bius Cair Jual Obat Bius Hirup Jual Obat Bius Serbuk Jual Obat Tidur Aman Obat Bius Manjur Harga Obat Bius Murah Cs :085200654999

 

Obat Bius Serbuk Soporific

Jual Obat Bius Serbuk, Serbuk Ini Bisa bikin ( PINGSAN ) Dalam Beberapa Detik Saja,

Dan itu Walau Anda apa - apain pun Target Anda gak bakalan bangun Selama 4 - 5 jam, kadang lebih, selain itu bisa juga untuk membius orang yang mau diperkosa ( gue cuma ngomongin, bukan nyuruh Lo ! Hhehe ... )

Obat Bius Ini Berbentuk Serbuk tidak berbau,
tidak berasa, tapi berwarna ( putih  Aman ).
1 saset bisa di pakai cukup untuk 2 - 3 kali pemakaian, cukup ditaruh di air minum apa saja KECUALI SUSU & KELAPA MUDA ,dan dalam waktu singkat setelah di minum maka obat itu langsung bereaksi pada target anda .

AWAS ! ! ! .Tolong Jangan gunakan Obat Bius Serbuk ini pada orang yang baru dikenal atau penyalah gunaan obat ini.

Baik di gunakan untuk Teman Dekat atau Pacar Sendiri …..


Obat Bius Serbuk 1 Paket Isi 4 Sachet Harga : Rp 300.000,-

Tersedia Produk Terbaik

Agen Tempat Penjualan Obat Tidur Dan Obat Bius, Obat Tidur Wanita,

Obat Tidur Cair, Obat Tidur Jual Obat Bius Aman, Toko Obat Bius Ampuh, Obat Tidur,

 Bius Wanita, Obat Penenang, Obat Bius Cair,Agen Resmi Jual Obat bius, obat tidur,

obat penenang termurah dan terpercaya @ Www.jualobatbiusherbal.blogspot.com,

Toko Pria ,Wanita Dewasa , Obat Bius, Jual Obat Bius, Obat Bius, Obat Bius Wanita,

 Solusi Keharmonisan Pasutri Harga Paling Murah Se iNdonesia,Jual Obat Bius,

 Toko Obat Bius, Pusat Obat Bius, obat bius cair, obat bius hirup,

obat bius serbuk. liquid , chloroform hirup, sleeping beauty,obat bius

,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,obat tidur,obat bius,bius hirup,

bius cair,bius serbuk,bius capsule dan bius tablet,jenis obat bius,

obat susah tidur,obat tidur bagus,obat bius manjur,obat tidur joss,

Tentang obat tidur,harga obat tidur,paling ampuh,herbal alami,harga bius terjangkau

,mengatasi susah tidur,tidur lelap,atasi insomnia,gejala susah tidur,

menenangkan pikiran,tidur nyaman,depresi,obat bikin ngantuk,jenis obat tidur,

resep bikin tidur pulas,obat bius joss,harga obat bius,obat bius manjur,

obat bius topcer,Obat Bius Hirup, Obat Bius Cair, Obat Bius Capsule,

Obat Bius Tablet, Obat Bius Ampuh,Obat Bius Jos obat tidur,obat bius,bius

hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,bius capsule dan bius tablet,jenis obat bius,

obat susah tidur,obat tidur bagus,obat bius manjur,obat tidur joss,

tentang obat tidur,harga obat tidur,paling ampuh,herbal alami,

harga bius terjangkau,mengatasi susah tidur,tidur lelap,atasi insomnia,

gejala susah tidur,menenangkan pikiran,tidur nyaman,depresi,obat bikin ngantuk,

jenis obat tidur,resep bikin tidur pulas,obat bius joss,harga obat bius,

obat bius manjur,obat bius topcer,obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,

obat tidur,obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,bius capsule dan bius tablet,

jenis obat bius,obat susah tidur,obat tidur bagus,obat bius manjur,obat tidur joss.

 Tentang obat tidur,harga obat tidur,paling ampuh,herbal alami,harga bius terjangkau

,mengatasi susah tidur,tidur lelap,atasi insomnia,gejala susah tidur,menenangkan pikiran,

tidur nyaman,depresi,obat bikin ngantuk,jenis obat tidur,resep bikin tidur pulas,

obat bius joss,harga obat bius,obat bius manjur,obat bius topcer,Jual Obat Bius Aman,

 Toko Obat Bius Ampuh, Obat Tidur, Bius Wanita, Obat Penenang, Obat Bius Cair,

Agen Resmi Jual Obat bius, obat tidur, obat penenang termurah dan terpercaya @ Www.jualobatbiusherbal.blogspot.com ,

Toko Pria ,Wanita Dewasa , Obat Bius, Jual Obat Bius, Obat Bius, Obat Bius Wanita, Solusi Keharmonisan Pasutri Harga Paling Murah Se iNdonesia,

Jual Obat Bius, Toko Obat Bius, Pusat Obat Bius, obat bius cair, obat bius hirup,obat bius serbuk. liquid , chloroform hirup, sleeping beauty,

Obat Bius Hirup, Obat Bius Cair, Obat Bius Capsule, Obat Bius Tablet, Obat Bius Ampuh,

Obat Bius Joss,obat tidur,obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,bius capsule dan bius tablet,

jenis obat bius,obat susah tidur,obat tidur bagus,obat bius manjur,obat tidur joss,tentang obat tidur,

harga obat tidur,paling ampuh,herbal alami,harga bius terjangkau,mengatasi susah tidur,

tidur lelap,atasi insomnia,gejala susah tidur,menenangkan pikiran,tidur nyaman,depresi,

obat bikin ngantuk,jenis obat tidur,resep bikin tidur pulas,obat bius joss,harga obat bius,obat bius manjur,obat bius topcer,

Jual Obat Bius Jual Obat Bius Wanita Jual Obat Bius Cair Jual Obat Bius SerbukJual Obat Bius Hirup
Jual Obat Bius Aman Jual Obat Bius Ampuh Jual Obat Bius Topcer Jual Obat Bius Wanita
Jual Obat Bius Sex Jual Obat Tidur Jual Obat Tidur Cair Jual Obat Tidur Wanita Jual Obat Tidur Pria
Jual Obat Tidur Murah Jual Obat Tidur Ampuh Jual Obat Tidur
Obat Tidur Obat Tidur Cair Obat Tidur Serbuk Obat Tidur Wanita Obat Tidur Pria
Obat Tidur Herbal
Obat Tidur Aman Pusat Obat Tidur Pusat Obat Bius Agen Obat Bius Agen Obat Tidur

Obat Bius Hirup, Obat Bius Cair, Obat Bius Capsule, Obat Bius Tablet, Obat Bius Ampuh,Obat Bius Joss

obat tidur,obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,bius capsule dan bius tablet,jenis obat bius,obat susah tidur,obat tidur bagus,obat bius manjur,obat tidur joss,tentang obat tidur,harga obat tidur,paling ampuh,herbal alami,harga bius terjangkau,mengatasi susah tidur,tidur lelap,atasi insomnia,gejala susah tidur,menenangkan pikiran,tidur nyaman,depresi,obat bikin ngantuk,jenis obat tidur,resep bikin tidur pulas,obat bius joss,harga obat bius,obat bius manjur,obat bius topcer,

Harga Obat Bius Kamu Super Murah. Harga bisa Dibandingkan.

Minta Call/SMS kami.

Jual Obat Bius Aman, Toko Obat Bius Ampuh, Obat Tidur, Bius Wanita, Obat Penenang, Obat Bius Cair.

Agen Resmi Jual Obat bius, obat tidur, obat penenang termurah dan terpercaya @ Www.jualobatbiusherbal.blogspot.com.

Toko Pria ,Wanita Dewasa , Obat Bius, Jual Obat Bius, Obat Bius, Obat Bius Wanita, Solusi Keharmonisan Pasutri Harga Paling Murah Se iNdonesia.

Obat Bius Cair, Cairan Buatan dari German Ini Bisa bikin Horny Dan Tolong Jangan gunakan Obat bius Cair ini pada wanita yang baru dikenal.

Jual Obat Bius, Toko Obat Bius, Pusat Obat Bius, obat bius cair, obat bius hirup,obat bius serbuk. liquid sex, chloroform hirup, sleeping beauty.

Obat Bius, Obat Perangsang Sexdrop cair, perangsang khusus untuk di gunakan wanita yang kurang gairah dalam berhubungan intim, sexdrop cair germany.

obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk

obat tidur,obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,bius capsule dan bius tablet,jenis obat bius,obat susah tidur,obat tidur bagus,obat bius manjur,obat tidur joss.
Tentang obat tidur,harga obat tidur,paling ampuh,herbal alami,harga bius terjangkau,mengatasi susah tidur,tidur lelap,atasi insomnia,gejala susah tidur,menenangkan pikiran,tidur nyaman,depresi,obat bikin ngantuk,jenis obat tidur,resep bikin tidur pulas,obat bius joss,harga obat bius,obat bius manjur,obat bius topcer,

 Obat Kuat

Obat Pembesar Penis

Obat Perangsang Wanita

Alat Bantu Sex Pria Dan Wanita

Aneka Kosmetic/Kecantikan

DLL.

JUAL OBAT BIUS OBAT TIDUR

saco-indonesia.com, Telah terjadi baku tembak di Poso, Sulawesi Tengah. Namun belum dapat diketahui identitas antar kelompok mana yang telah melakukan kontak senjata tersebut.

Kepala Bidang Humas Polda Sulawesi Tengah AKBP Soemarno juga telah membenarkan adanya peristiwa tersebut. Namun pihaknya juga belum memastikan secara pasti tentang adanya insiden itu.

"Iya benar, informasinya memang seperti itu. Ada baku tembak di Poso," kata Soemarno saat dihubungi wartawan, Rabu (6/2).

Menurut informasi yang telah dihimpun, baku tembak tersebut telah terjadi hari ini di Desa Padalembara, Poso.

Namun belum dapat diketahui secara pasti apakah penembakan tersebut telah melibatkan warga biasa ataupun militer.

Soemarno juga belum bisa memastikan apakah baku tembak itu terkait dengan jaringan teroris yang disinyalir masih bersembunyi di Poso.

"Iya ini masih kita lakukan pengecekan," ujarnya singkat.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

BAKU TEMBAK TELAH KEMBALI TERJADI DI POSO

Kami adalah Peternak  Lintah dan  Pusat Penjualan  lintah hidup  yang melayani pengiriman Lintah hidup keseluruh wilayah Indonesia

Dengan kemasan sedemikian rupa sehingga lintah masih dalam keadaan hidup dan segar sampai ketempat tujuan dan kami garansi apabila ada yang mati dalam pengiriman akan kami ganti.

Saat ini ada sekitar 50 klinik terapi Lintah dan Pembuat minyak lintah diberbagai daerah di Jawa maupun luar pulau Jawa yang menjadi pelanggan tetap kami,  dan ada juga ratusan pembeli tidak tetap

Lintah yang kami jual adalah Lintah jenis  Rawa atau Lintah Kerbau (Lintah Asia) karena lintah ini sangat cocok untuk terapi pengobatan  maupun pembuatan minyak Lintah

Lintah kami adalah Lintah kwalitas terbaik hasil ternakan sendiri  dan sudah ditreatment khusus sehingga sudah bersih, Higienis dan siap untuk terapi

Ada berbagai ukuran Lintah yang kami tawarkan sbb :

  • Ukuran sebatang Korek Api                             harga Rp2.000,-/ekor
  •  
  • Ukuran sedang seukuran 3 batang korek api  harga  Rp3.000,-/ekor
  •  
  • Ukura Besar / Jumbo (Indukan)                       harga  Rp5.000,-/ekor

 

Cara pemesanan sangat mudah :

Ketik SMS :   jumlah pesanan / harga per ekor / Nama / alamat lengkap    kirim ke 0815 8877678, 0812 84328497

Contoh:   200 ekor / 3.000 / Johan arifin / permata hijau permai blok BR No.1 kaliabang tengah, Bekasi  utara 17125

Atau langsung ketempat kami di alamat :

Permata Hijau Permai  blok BR No.1 Kel. Kaliabang tengah, Bekasi Utara

JUAL LINTAH TERAPI MURAH DIBEKASI

saco-indonesia.com, Setelah korban melaporkan penyidik ke Propam Polda Jabar, artis seksi Nikita Mirzani yang juga sudah menyandang status tersangka baru bisa menjalani pemeriksaan di Sat Reskrim Polresrtabes Bandung, Selasa malam.

Nikita telah diperiksa dalam status tersangka kasus penganiayaan terhadap korban Yun Tjun di tempat hiburan di Dago Bandunbg, beberapa bulan lalu.

Nikita yang didampingi oleh kuasa hukumnya telah menjalani pemeriksaan hampir tujuh jam. Dia juga menghadap penyidik pukul 17.00 dan baru keluar hampir pukul 22.00. “ Kami telah memeriksa Nikita sebagai tersangka dalam kasus penganiayaan atas nama korban Yuin Tjun,“ kata Kasat Reskrim Polresdtabes Bandung AKBP Trunoyudho, Rabu (18/12).

Dia juga menambahkan, materi pemeriksaan tiada lain hanya sebatas konfrontir antara korban dengan tersangka. Kedua duanya hadir. “ Dalam kasus ini juga ada dua tersangka satu pelapor. Tersangkanya Nikita!n dan temannyan“ tanbah Kasat.

Nikita dan temannya juga sudah hampir dua bulan ditetapkan jadi tersangka. Penyidik baru bisa memeriksa tadi malam terhadap Nikita dengan alasan artis itu sulit dihubungi dan sedang bulan madu. Saking jengkelnya, pelapor Yun Tjun yang didampingi oleh kuasa hokumnya Andrea Sukmana, telah melaporkan penyidik ke Bidang Propam dengan alasan ketidakprofesionalanya dalam menangani kasus tersebut. Dikabarkan pekan depan Nikita akan dipanggil kembali untuk dapat menjalani pemeriksaan yanhg kedua kalinya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

7 JAM NIKITA MIRZANI DIPEIKSA POLRESTA BANDUNG

saco-indonesia.com,

Penanaman Grounding Road

Lakukan penggalian tanah ukuran 30x30 kedalaman 50cm
Pertama coba tancapkan grounding road tersebut apakah mudah atau susah ditancapkan.
Jika agak susah,buatkan  bentuk lubang dimana grounding rod tersebut akan ditanamkan.
Tuangkan air kedalam lubang tersebut hingga penuh
Tancapkan grounding rod tersebut kedalam lubang dan tekan secara pelan pelan hingga beberapa centimeter
Angkat sedikit grounding rod tersebut ,dan biarkan air turun kebawah
Tekan kembali grounding rod tersebut hingga beberapa centimeter dari kedalaman awal
Tuangkan kembali air kedalam lubang,lalu ulangi dengan menekan grounding rod.
Sepanjang anda tidak menemukan tanah yang keras atau tanah berbatu,
air juga akan membantu anda untuk dapat menggeser lumpur atau pasir di dalam tancapan hingga grounding roda tertancap sampai habis.
Lakukan hal tersebut secara berulang hingga grounding rod tersebut tertanam sampai habis

Jika anda telah mengalami kesulitan saat penancapan grounding road,
anda juga bisa menggunakan alat bantu berupa palu untuk dapat memukul ujung atas grounding road hingga tertancap semuanya,
atau bisa juga dengan menggunakan alat bantu stang pipa,
lakukan penjepitan stang pipa ke grounding road tersebut kemudian anda berdiri di stang pipa sambil menekan grounding road kebawah.
Untuk hal tertentu anda kemungkinan anda membutuhkan penanaman grounding road yang lebih dalam dari ukuran panjang grounding road misalnya sampai kedalamna 20m,
sehingga penancapan tidak bisa dilakukan lagi.
Anda juga dapat menggunakan cara dengan mengebor tanahnya lebih dahulu.
Anda juga bisa meminta tuakng bor untuk dapat melakukan pengeboran lobang dengan diameter +/-10 cm.
Setelah kedalaman yang telah dibutuhkan dapat tercapai,anda kemudian dapat menanamkan stick road ke dalamnya.
Sebelumnya lakukan pengikatan (soldering) antara grounding rod dengan kabel road.
Dengan menggunakan pipa besi (yang bisa disambung),lakukan pendorongan grounding road ke dalam lubang.
Anda juga bisa menandai jarak dari ujung grounding road dan kabel grounding untuk dapat memastikan penanaman kabel sudah sesuai dengan kedalaman yang diinginkan.
Cara Penyambungan Grounding Road dengan Kabel Grounding
Cara menghubungkan yang paling bagus antara grounding rod dengan kabel grounding adalah dengan sistim pengelasan dengan menggunakan alat Cadweld.
Setipa penyambungan harus dengan menggunakan bubuk mesiu standar,karena pemakaian bubuk mesiu akan dapat memepengaruhi kekuatan sambungannya.
Hal ini juga dilakuan untuk proses penyambungan antara kabel grounding dengan kabel grounding dan juga untuk penyambungan antara kabel grounding ke plate terminal grounding.
Sebelum welding dilakukan,seluruh permukaan yang akan diwelding harus dibersihkan dari kotoran.
Dicuci dengan bersih,kemudian digosok dengan sikat besi.
Permukaan tidak boleh dalam keadaan basah.
Proses welding juga harus dilakukan dengan benar,alat harus ditutup dengan rapat baru dilakukan pemantikan.
Ketika proses cadweld sudah selesai dilaksanakan,hasil welding juga harus diperiksa apakah sambungan sudah kuat atau belum.
Harus dipastikan hasil penyambungan tidak ada yang terlepas.
Bila ada ditemukan sambungan yang lepas  harus dilakukan welding kembali.
Cara lain yang bisa digunakan untuk proses penyambungan grounding rod dan kabel grounding dengan cara sederhana adalah dengan menggunakan clamp.
Dan ada juga yang menggunakan solder listrrik tapi,cara ini tidak terlalu menjamin pengikatan yang sempurna.
 

Editor : Dian Sukmawati

PENANAMAN GROUNDING ROAD

WASHINGTON — A decade after emergency trailers meant to shelter Hurricane Katrina victims instead caused burning eyes, sore throats and other more serious ailments, the Environmental Protection Agency is on the verge of regulating the culprit: formaldehyde, a chemical that can be found in commonplace things like clothes and furniture.

But an unusual assortment of players, including furniture makers, the Chinese government, Republicans from states with a large base of furniture manufacturing and even some Democrats who championed early regulatory efforts, have questioned the E.P.A. proposal. The sustained opposition has held sway, as the agency is now preparing to ease key testing requirements before it releases the landmark federal health standard.

The E.P.A.’s five-year effort to adopt this rule offers another example of how industry opposition can delay and hamper attempts by the federal government to issue regulations, even to control substances known to be harmful to human health.

Continue reading the main story
 

Document: The Formaldehyde Fight

Formaldehyde is a known carcinogen that can also cause respiratory ailments like asthma, but the potential of long-term exposure to cause cancers like myeloid leukemia is less well understood.

The E.P.A.’s decision would be the first time that the federal government has regulated formaldehyde inside most American homes.

“The stakes are high for public health,” said Tom Neltner, senior adviser for regulatory affairs at the National Center for Healthy Housing, who has closely monitored the debate over the rules. “What we can’t have here is an outcome that fails to confront the health threat we all know exists.”

The proposal would not ban formaldehyde — commonly used as an ingredient in wood glue in furniture and flooring — but it would impose rules that prevent dangerous levels of the chemical’s vapors from those products, and would set testing standards to ensure that products sold in the United States comply with those limits. The debate has sharpened in the face of growing concern about the safety of formaldehyde-treated flooring imported from Asia, especially China.

What is certain is that a lot of money is at stake: American companies sell billions of dollars’ worth of wood products each year that contain formaldehyde, and some argue that the proposed regulation would impose unfair costs and restrictions.

Determined to block the agency’s rule as proposed, these industry players have turned to the White House, members of Congress and top E.P.A. officials, pressing them to roll back the testing requirements in particular, calling them redundant and too expensive.

“There are potentially over a million manufacturing jobs that will be impacted if the proposed rule is finalized without changes,” wrote Bill Perdue, the chief lobbyist at the American Home Furnishings Alliance, a leading critic of the testing requirements in the proposed regulation, in one letter to the E.P.A.

Industry opposition helped create an odd alignment of forces working to thwart the rule. The White House moved to strike out key aspects of the proposal. Subsequent appeals for more changes were voiced by players as varied as Senator Barbara Boxer, Democrat of California, and Senator Roger Wicker, Republican of Mississippi, as well as furniture industry lobbyists.

Hurricane Katrina in 2005 helped ignite the public debate over formaldehyde, after the deadly storm destroyed or damaged hundreds of thousands of homes along the Gulf of Mexico, forcing families into temporary trailers provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

The displaced storm victims quickly began reporting respiratory problems, burning eyes and other issues, and tests then confirmed high levels of formaldehyde fumes leaking into the air inside the trailers, which in many cases had been hastily constructed.

Public health advocates petitioned the E.P.A. to issue limits on formaldehyde in building materials and furniture used in homes, given that limits already existed for exposure in workplaces. But three years after the storm, only California had issued such limits.

Industry groups like the American Chemistry Council have repeatedly challenged the science linking formaldehyde to cancer, a position championed by David Vitter, the Republican senator from Louisiana, who is a major recipient of chemical industry campaign contributions, and whom environmental groups have mockingly nicknamed “Senator Formaldehyde.”

Continue reading the main story

Formaldehyde in Laminate Flooring

In laminate flooring, formaldehyde is used as a bonding agent in the fiberboard (or other composite wood) core layer and may also be used in glues that bind layers together. Concerns were raised in March when certain laminate flooring imported from China was reported to contain levels of formaldehyde far exceeding the limit permitted by California.

Typical

laminate

flooring

CLEAR FINISH LAYER

Often made of melamine resin

PATTERN LAYER

Paper printed to resemble wood,

or a thin wood veneer

GLUE

Layers may be bound using

formaldehyde-based glues

CORE LAYER

Fiberboard or other

composite, formed using

formaldehyde-based adhesives

BASE LAYER

Moisture-resistant vapor barrier

What is formaldehyde?

Formaldehyde is a common chemical used in many industrial and household products as an adhesive, bonding agent or preservative. It is classified as a volatile organic compound. The term volatile means that, at room temperature, formaldehyde will vaporize, or become a gas. Products made with formaldehyde tend to release this gas into the air. If breathed in large quantities, it may cause health problems.

WHERE IT IS COMMONLY FOUND

POTENTIAL HEALTH RISKS

Pressed-wood and composite wood products

Wallpaper and paints

Spray foam insulation used in construction

Commercial wood floor finishes

Crease-resistant fabrics

In cigarette smoke, or in the fumes from combustion of other materials, including wood, oil and gasoline.

Exposure to formaldehyde in sufficient amounts may cause eye, throat or skin irritation, allergic reactions, and respiratory problems like coughing, wheezing or asthma.

Long-term exposure to high levels has been associated with cancer in humans and laboratory animals.

Exposure to formaldehyde may affect some people more severely than others.

By 2010, public health advocates and some industry groups secured bipartisan support in Congress for legislation that ordered the E.P.A. to issue federal rules that largely mirrored California’s restrictions. At the time, concerns were rising over the growing number of lower-priced furniture imports from Asia that might include contaminated products, while also hurting sales of American-made products.

Maneuvering began almost immediately after the E.P.A. prepared draft rules to formally enact the new standards.

White House records show at least five meetings in mid-2012 with industry executives — kitchen cabinet makers, chemical manufacturers, furniture trade associations and their lobbyists, like Brock R. Landry, of the Venable law firm. These parties, along with Senator Vitter’s office, appealed to top administration officials, asking them to intervene to roll back the E.P.A. proposal.

The White House Office of Management and Budget, which reviews major federal regulations before they are adopted, apparently agreed. After the White House review, the E.P.A. “redlined” many of the estimates of the monetary benefits that would be gained by reductions in related health ailments, like asthma and fertility issues, documents reviewed by The New York Times show.

As a result, the estimated benefit of the proposed rule dropped to $48 million a year, from as much as $278 million a year. The much-reduced amount deeply weakened the agency’s justification for the sometimes costly new testing that would be required under the new rules, a federal official involved in the effort said.

“It’s a redlining blood bath,” said Lisa Heinzerling, a Georgetown University Law School professor and a former E.P.A. official, using the Washington phrase to describe when language is stricken from a proposed rule. “Almost the entire discussion of these potential benefits was excised.”

Senator Vitter’s staff was pleased.

“That’s a huge difference,” said Luke Bolar, a spokesman for Mr. Vitter, of the reduced estimated financial benefits, saying the change was “clearly highlighting more mismanagement” at the E.P.A.

Advertisement

The review’s outcome galvanized opponents in the furniture industry. They then targeted a provision that mandated new testing of laminated wood, a cheaper alternative to hardwood. (The California standard on which the law was based did not require such testing.)

But E.P.A. scientists had concluded that these laminate products — millions of which are sold annually in the United States — posed a particular risk. They said that when thin layers of wood, also known as laminate or veneer, are added to furniture or flooring in the final stages of manufacturing, the resulting product can generate dangerous levels of fumes from often-used formaldehyde-based glues.

Industry executives, outraged by what they considered an unnecessary and financially burdensome level of testing, turned every lever within reach to get the requirement removed. It would be particularly onerous, they argued, for small manufacturers that would have to repeatedly interrupt their work to do expensive new testing. The E.P.A. estimated that the expanded requirements for laminate products would cost the furniture industry tens of millions of dollars annually, while the industry said that the proposed rule over all would cost its 7,000 American manufacturing facilities over $200 million each year.

“A lot of people don’t seem to appreciate what a lot of these requirements do to a small operation,” said Dick Titus, executive vice president of the Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association, whose members are predominantly small businesses. “A 10-person shop, for example, just really isn’t equipped to handle that type of thing.”

Photo
 
Becky Gillette wants strong regulation of formaldehyde. Credit Beth Hall for The New York Times

Big industry players also weighed in. Executives from companies including La-Z-Boy, Hooker Furniture and Ashley Furniture all flew to Washington for a series of meetings with the offices of lawmakers including House Speaker John Boehner, Republican of Ohio, and about a dozen other lawmakers, asking several of them to sign a letter prepared by the industry to press the E.P.A. to back down, according to an industry report describing the lobbying visit.

Within a matter of weeks, two letters — using nearly identical language — were sent by House and Senate lawmakers to the E.P.A. — with the industry group forwarding copies of the letters to the agency as well, and then posting them on its website.

The industry lobbyists also held their own meeting at E.P.A. headquarters, and they urged Jim Jones, who oversaw the rule-making process as the assistant administrator for the agency’s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention, to visit a North Carolina furniture manufacturing plant. According to the trade group, Mr. Jones told them that the visit had “helped the agency shift its thinking” about the rules and how laminated products should be treated.

The resistance was particularly intense from lawmakers like Mr. Wicker of Mississippi, whose state is home to major manufacturing plants owned by Ashley Furniture Industries, the world’s largest furniture maker, and who is one of the biggest recipients in Congress of donations from the industry’s trade association. Asked if the political support played a role, a spokesman for Mr. Wicker replied: “Thousands of Mississippians depend on the furniture manufacturing industry for their livelihoods. Senator Wicker is committed to defending all Mississippians from government overreach.”

Individual companies like Ikea also intervened, as did the Chinese government, which claimed that the new rule would create a “great barrier” to the import of Chinese products because of higher costs.

Perhaps the most surprising objection came from Senator Boxer, of California, a longtime environmental advocate, whose office questioned why the E.P.A.’s rule went further than her home state’s in seeking testing on laminated products. “We did not advocate an outcome, other than safety,” her office said in a statement about why the senator raised concerns. “We said ‘Take a look to see if you have it right.’ ”

Safety advocates say that tighter restrictions — like the ones Ms. Boxer and Mr. Wicker, along with Representative Doris Matsui, a California Democrat, have questioned — are necessary, particularly for products coming from China, where items as varied as toys and Christmas lights have been found to violate American safety standards.

While Mr. Neltner, the environmental advocate who has been most involved in the review process, has been open to compromise, he has pressed the E.P.A. not to back down entirely, and to maintain a requirement that laminators verify that their products are safe.

An episode of CBS’s “60 Minutes” in March brought attention to the issue when it accused Lumber Liquidators, the discount flooring retailer, of selling laminate products with dangerous levels of formaldehyde. The company has disputed the show’s findings and test methods, maintaining that its products are safe.

“People think that just because Congress passed the legislation five years ago, the problem has been fixed,” said Becky Gillette, who then lived in coastal Mississippi, in the area hit by Hurricane Katrina, and was among the first to notice a pattern of complaints from people living in the trailers. “Real people’s faces and names come up in front of me when I think of the thousands of people who could get sick if this rule is not done right.”

An aide to Ms. Matsui rejected any suggestion that she was bending to industry pressure.

“From the beginning the public health has been our No. 1 concern,” said Kyle J. Victor, an aide to Ms. Matsui.

But further changes to the rule are likely, agency officials concede, as they say they are searching for a way to reduce the cost of complying with any final rule while maintaining public health goals. The question is just how radically the agency will revamp the testing requirement for laminated products — if it keeps it at all.

“It’s not a secret to anybody that is the most challenging issue,” said Mr. Jones, the E.P.A. official overseeing the process, adding that the health consequences from formaldehyde are real. “We have to reduce those exposures so that people can live healthy lives and not have to worry about being in their homes.”

The Uphill Battle to Better Regulate Formaldehyde

Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs

As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.

A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.

“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”

Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.

Continue reading the main story Video
Play Video|1:17

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

At an event announcing the creation of a nonprofit focusing on young minority men, President Obama talked about the underlying reasons for recent protests in Baltimore and other cities.

By Associated Press on Publish Date May 4, 2015. Photo by Stephen Crowley/The New York Times.

In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.

“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”

Advertisement

Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.

Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.

The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.

“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”

The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.

But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.

After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”

Photo
 
President Obama on Monday with Darinel Montero, a student at Bronx International High School who introduced him before remarks at Lehman College in the Bronx. Credit Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.

That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.

“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”

On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.

The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.

In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.

“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”

Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”

His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.

“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”

Advertisement Politics Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues

From sea to shining sea, or at least from one side of the Hudson to the other, politicians you have barely heard of are being accused of wrongdoing. There were so many court proceedings involving public officials on Monday that it was hard to keep up.

In Newark, two underlings of Gov. Chris Christie were arraigned on charges that they were in on the truly deranged plot to block traffic leading onto the George Washington Bridge.

Ten miles away, in Lower Manhattan, Dean G. Skelos, the leader of the New York State Senate, and his son, Adam B. Skelos, were arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on accusations of far more conventional political larceny, involving a job with a sewer company for the son and commissions on title insurance and bond work.

The younger man managed to receive a 150 percent pay increase from the sewer company even though, as he said on tape, he “literally knew nothing about water or, you know, any of that stuff,” according to a criminal complaint the United States attorney’s office filed.

The success of Adam Skelos, 32, was attributed by prosecutors to his father’s influence as the leader of the Senate and as a potentate among state Republicans. The indictment can also be read as one of those unfailingly sad tales of a father who cannot stop indulging a grown son. The senator himself is not alleged to have profited from the schemes, except by being relieved of the burden of underwriting Adam.

The bridge traffic caper is its own species of crazy; what distinguishes the charges against the two Skeloses is the apparent absence of a survival instinct. It is one thing not to know anything about water or that stuff. More remarkable, if true, is the fact that the sewer machinations continued even after the former New York Assembly speaker, Sheldon Silver, was charged in January with taking bribes disguised as fees.

It was by then common gossip in political and news media circles that Senator Skelos, a Republican, the counterpart in the Senate to Mr. Silver, a Democrat, in the Assembly, could be next in line for the criminal dock. “Stay tuned,” the United States attorney, Preet Bharara said, leaving not much to the imagination.

Even though the cat had been unmistakably belled, Skelos father and son continued to talk about how to advance the interests of the sewer company, though the son did begin to use a burner cellphone, the kind people pay for in cash, with no traceable contracts.

That was indeed prudent, as prosecutors had been wiretapping the cellphones of both men. But it would seem that the burner was of limited value, because by then the prosecutors had managed to secure the help of a business executive who agreed to record calls with the Skeloses. It would further seem that the business executive was more attentive to the perils of pending investigations than the politician.

Through the end of the New York State budget negotiations in March, the hopes of the younger Skelos rested on his father’s ability to devise legislation that would benefit the sewer company. That did not pan out. But Senator Skelos did boast that he had haggled with Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo, a Democrat, in a successful effort to raise a $150 million allocation for Long Island to $550 million, for what the budget called “transformative economic development projects.” It included money for the kind of work done by the sewer company.

The lawyer for Adam Skelos said he was not guilty and would win in court. Senator Skelos issued a ringing declaration that he was unequivocally innocent.

THIS was also the approach taken in New Jersey by Bill Baroni, a man of great presence and eloquence who stopped outside the federal courthouse to note that he had taken risks as a Republican by bucking his party to support paid family leave, medical marijuana and marriage equality. “I would never risk my career, my job, my reputation for something like this,” Mr. Baroni said. “I am an innocent man.”

The lawyer for his co-defendant, Bridget Anne Kelly, the former deputy chief of staff to Mr. Christie, a Republican, said that she would strongly rebut the charges.

Perhaps they had nothing to do with the lane closings. But neither Mr. Baroni nor Ms. Kelly addressed the question of why they did not return repeated calls from the mayor of Fort Lee, N.J., begging them to stop the traffic tie-ups, over three days.

That silence was a low moment. But perhaps New York hit bottom faster. Senator Skelos, the prosecutors charged, arranged to meet Long Island politicians at the wake of Wenjian Liu, a New York City police officer shot dead in December, to press for payments to the company employing his son.

Sometimes it seems as though for some people, the only thing to be ashamed of is shame itself.

Finding Scandal in New York and New Jersey, but No Shame

A 214-pound Queens housewife struggled with a lifelong addiction to food until she shed 72 pounds and became the public face of the worldwide weight-control empire Weight Watchers.

Jean Nidetch, 91, Dies; Pounds Came Off, and Weight Watchers Was Born

A former member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Smedvig helped found the wide-ranging Empire Brass quintet.

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62

Ms. Meadows was the older sister of Audrey Meadows, who played Alice Kramden on “The Honeymooners.”

Jayne Meadows, Actress and Steve Allen’s Wife and Co-Star, Dies at 95

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

Advertisement

But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

Ms. Rendell was a prolific writer of intricately plotted mystery novels that combined psychological insight, social conscience and teeth-chattering terror.

Ruth Rendell, Novelist Who Thrilled and Educated, Dies at 85

Mr. Mankiewicz, an Oscar-nominated screenwriter for “I Want to Live!,” also wrote episodes of television shows such as “Star Trek” and “Marcus Welby, M.D.”

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93

WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”

Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.

The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.

Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force

Hired in 1968, a year before their first season, Mr. Fanning spent 25 years with the team, managing them to their only playoff appearance in Canada.

Jim Fanning, 87, Dies; Lifted Baseball in Canada With Expos
Photo
 
Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake
biaya paket berangkat umroh februari di Pasar Rebo jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Lubang Buaya jakarta
harga berangkat umrah april bekasi selatan
biaya paket berangkat umroh januari di Cipinang Besar Utara jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
biaya umrah januari di Ceger jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah februari bekasi utara
paket berangkat umrah ramadhan di Kampung Gedong,Cijantung jakarta
biaya umrah januari di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
harga umroh juni di Pal Meriam jakarta
biaya paket umroh ramadhan di Ujung Menteng jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh desember umrohdepag.com
promo umroh ramadhan bogor
biaya berangkat umrah ramadhan di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah desember tangerang
harga berangkat umrah ramadhan di Pulo Gadung jakarta
paket promo umroh akhir tahun di Cibubur jakarta
harga paket umroh desember di Pal Meriam jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah februari di Kramat Jati jakarta
paket berangkat umrah ramadhan di Cipinang jakarta
promo berangkat umrah awal tahun di Makasar jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Pisangan Baru jakarta
harga berangkat umrah mei di Malaka Jaya jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh mei di Duren Sawit jakarta
biaya umroh desember di Lubang Buaya jakarta
promo berangkat umrah awal tahun di Kalisari jakarta
biaya umrah akhir tahun di Pal Meriam jakarta
harga umrah februari bogor
paket umroh februari di Susukan jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah februari di Bidaracina jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah februari di Pulo Gadung jakarta
paket berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Pekayon jakarta
promo berangkat umrah juni di Kampung Gedong,Cijantung jakarta
harga paket umrah april di Kampung Baru jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Ciracas jakarta
biaya paket umrah juni di Pekayon jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Rawa Terate jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah maret di Cipinang Muara jakarta
paket berangkat umroh juni di Bidaracina jakarta
harga berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Cipayung jakarta
biaya umroh mei di Pondok Bambu jakarta
promo berangkat umrah juni di Bidaracina jakarta
paket umrah april di Bambu Apus jakarta
harga berangkat umroh mei di Cakung Timur jakarta
paket umroh april di Malaka Sari jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah mei di Cipayung jakarta
paket promo umrah ramadhan di Jatinegara jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah desember di Rawa Terate jakarta
harga paket umrah mei di Kayu Putih jakarta
biaya paket umrah april di Ciracas jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Kampung Melayu jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah maret di Kebon Pala jakarta
paket promo umroh akhir tahun di Kayu Putih jakarta
paket promo umroh juni di Kayu Putih jakarta
paket umrah awal tahun di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh desember di Jati jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Rambutan jakarta
promo umrah maret di Bali Mester jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah desember di Halim Perdanakusuma jakarta
promo berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Cilangkap jakarta
biaya umroh juni di Kalisari jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah maret di Kayu Putih jakarta
promo umrah maret di Cipinang jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah januari di Munjul jakarta
harga paket umrah februari di Bidaracina jakarta
promo umroh maret di Dukuh jakarta
biaya umroh januari di Munjul jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Munjul jakarta
biaya paket umrah juni di Cakung Timur jakarta
harga paket umrah desember depok
paket promo umroh akhir tahun di Kampung Melayu jakarta
harga umrah februari di Jatinegara jakarta
promo berangkat umroh mei di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Ceger jakarta
promo berangkat umroh januari di Kebon Manggis jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah januari bekasi barat
paket promo berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Malaka Jaya jakarta
paket umroh april di Cipinang Muara jakarta
paket promo umroh awal tahun di Cawang jakarta
harga berangkat umrah awal tahun di Cililitan jakarta
paket umrah april di Kebon Pala jakarta
paket berangkat umroh januari di Pisangan Baru jakarta
harga umroh januari di Jatinegara jakarta
paket umroh juni bekasi selatan
biaya umroh april di Jatinegara jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah februari di Duren Sawit jakarta
promo berangkat umrah april di Pekayon jakarta
promo berangkat umrah ramadhan di Setu jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh maret di Rawamangun jakarta
harga paket umrah desember di Rawa Bunga jakarta
biaya paket umroh mei di Pulo Gadung jakarta
promo berangkat umrah april di Kebon Pala jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah april di Makasar jakarta
biaya paket umrah awal tahun di Rawamangun jakarta
biaya umroh awal tahun di Dukuh jakarta
paket umrah mei di Kampung Gedong,Cijantung jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah ramadhan di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah mei di Malaka Jaya jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh desember di Matraman jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh awal tahun di Rawa Terate jakarta